Three-dimensional lumbar spinal kinematics: a study of range of movement in 100 healthy subjects aged 20 to 60+ years

G. Van Herp, P.J. Rowe, P.M. Salter, J.P. Paul

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    76 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The three-dimensional (3D) range of movement of the non-pathological lumbar spine was established using the Polhemus Navigation Sciences 3Space Isotrak system. One hundred subjects (50 male, 50 female) ranging in age from 20 to 77 yr and with no history of recent low back pain participated in the study. Each subject performed the gross movements of forward flexion, backward extension, side-flexion to the left and right and axial rotation to the left and right. All movements were carried out at the subject's own pace. The results indicated consistently greater flexibility in females than males throughout the age range. Differences in ranges of motion were recorded between younger and older age groups. The recorded ranges of motion showed a good level of agreement with X-ray data, indicating concurrent validity and reasonable similarity with previous 3D studies using electromagnetic goniometers. It would appear that the methods used in this study are capable of measuring the lumbar spinal range of motion routinely in the clinical environment.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages1337-1340
    Number of pages3
    JournalRheumatology
    Volume39
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2000

    Fingerprint

    Articular Range of Motion
    Biomechanical Phenomena
    Healthy Volunteers
    Electromagnetic Phenomena
    Low Back Pain
    Spine
    Age Groups
    X-Rays

    Keywords

    • three-dimensional motion analysis
    • isotrak
    • electromagnetic
    • healthy subjects
    • goniometry
    • lumbar spine motion
    • kinematics

    Cite this

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    title = "Three-dimensional lumbar spinal kinematics: a study of range of movement in 100 healthy subjects aged 20 to 60+ years",
    abstract = "The three-dimensional (3D) range of movement of the non-pathological lumbar spine was established using the Polhemus Navigation Sciences 3Space Isotrak system. One hundred subjects (50 male, 50 female) ranging in age from 20 to 77 yr and with no history of recent low back pain participated in the study. Each subject performed the gross movements of forward flexion, backward extension, side-flexion to the left and right and axial rotation to the left and right. All movements were carried out at the subject's own pace. The results indicated consistently greater flexibility in females than males throughout the age range. Differences in ranges of motion were recorded between younger and older age groups. The recorded ranges of motion showed a good level of agreement with X-ray data, indicating concurrent validity and reasonable similarity with previous 3D studies using electromagnetic goniometers. It would appear that the methods used in this study are capable of measuring the lumbar spinal range of motion routinely in the clinical environment.",
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    Three-dimensional lumbar spinal kinematics: a study of range of movement in 100 healthy subjects aged 20 to 60+ years. / Van Herp, G.; Rowe, P.J.; Salter, P.M.; Paul, J.P.

    In: Rheumatology, Vol. 39, No. 12, 12.2000, p. 1337-1340.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Van Herp, G.

    AU - Rowe, P.J.

    AU - Salter, P.M.

    AU - Paul, J.P.

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    AB - The three-dimensional (3D) range of movement of the non-pathological lumbar spine was established using the Polhemus Navigation Sciences 3Space Isotrak system. One hundred subjects (50 male, 50 female) ranging in age from 20 to 77 yr and with no history of recent low back pain participated in the study. Each subject performed the gross movements of forward flexion, backward extension, side-flexion to the left and right and axial rotation to the left and right. All movements were carried out at the subject's own pace. The results indicated consistently greater flexibility in females than males throughout the age range. Differences in ranges of motion were recorded between younger and older age groups. The recorded ranges of motion showed a good level of agreement with X-ray data, indicating concurrent validity and reasonable similarity with previous 3D studies using electromagnetic goniometers. It would appear that the methods used in this study are capable of measuring the lumbar spinal range of motion routinely in the clinical environment.

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    KW - isotrak

    KW - electromagnetic

    KW - healthy subjects

    KW - goniometry

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