Thermoelastic anisotropy of a natural fiber

F.R. Cichocki, J.L. Thomason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Citations (Scopus)


In order to develop structure-property relationships in composite systems, it is often necessary to know the properties of the fiber and matrix constituents. Much research indicates that natural-fibers exhibit a complicated anisotropic structure. Unfortunately, the property anisotropy of most natural fibers has been left undetermined. In this study, dynamic mechanical and thermal mechanical techniques have been employed to measure the elastic and thermal expansion characteristics of a model composite system containing jute fibers over a broad temperature range. The results of these measurements were in turn incorporated into a number of pertinent micro-mechanical models to estimate the thermoelastic properties of the natural fibers. The jute fibers investigated in this study exhibited considerable elastic and thermal expansion anisotropy. The longitudinal Young's modulus of the fibers has been determined to exceed the transverse fiber modulus by as much as an order of magnitude in certain temperature regimes. The fibers exhibit negative thermal expansion coefficients along their lengths; however, large positive thermal expansion coefficients, similar in magnitude to many polymeric materials, have been estimated in the transverse directions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-678
Number of pages9
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • thermal properties
  • elastic properties
  • anisotropy
  • differential thermal analysis (DTA)
  • natural fiber
  • mechanical engineering
  • thermoelastic anisotropy


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