Thermally induced rarefied gas flow in a three-dimensional enclosure with square cross-section

Lianhua Zhu, Xiaofan Yang, Zhaoli Guo

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8 Citations (Scopus)
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Rarefied gas flow in a three-dimensional enclosure induced by nonuniform temperature distribution is numerically investigated. The enclosure has a square channel-like geometry with alternatively heated closed ends and lateral walls with a linear temperature distribution. A recently proposed implicit discrete velocity method with a memory reduction technique is used to numerically simulate the problem based on the nonlinear Shakhov kinetic equation. The Knudsen number dependencies of the vortices pattern, slip velocity at the planar walls and edges, and heat transfer are investigated. The influences of the temperature ratio imposed at the ends of the enclosure and the geometric aspect ratio are also evaluated. The overall flow pattern shows similarities with those observed in two-dimensional configurations in literature. However, features due to the three-dimensionality are observed with vortices that are not identified in previous studies on similar two-dimensional enclosures at high Knudsen and small aspect ratios.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123402
Number of pages19
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2017


  • rarefied gass flow
  • Shakhov kinetic equation
  • temperature distribution


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