Thermal mass, insulation and ventilation in sustainable housing - An investigation across climate and occupancy

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Abstract

Sustainable housing standards are reviewed including the UK 2005 building regulations, the UK Advanced Standard and EU Passive-house Standard. Conflicts between the standards are highlighted. The significance of insulation, orientation, ventilation, thermal mass, occupancy, gains, shading and climate on predicted energy performance is illustrated. An ESP-r model is then used to investigate these factors across a range of climates and occupancy / gains scenarios. The investigation covers both heating and cooling energy requirements. The relative importance of key factors is quantified and a matrix of results presented with conclusions. The role of simulation in informing design decisions is demonstrated as well as the importance of considering climate and occupancy/ gains patterns.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th IBPSA Conference, Building Simulation 2005
Pages1253-1260
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventBuilding Simulation 2005 - Ninth International IBPSA Conference - Montréal, Canada
Duration: 15 Aug 200518 Aug 2005

Conference

ConferenceBuilding Simulation 2005 - Ninth International IBPSA Conference
CountryCanada
CityMontréal
Period15/08/0518/08/05

Keywords

  • sustainable housing
  • renewable energy
  • power systems
  • energy systems
  • building design

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