Thermal effect of micro-fin geometry on a silicon receiver for CPV cooling purpose

L. Micheli, N. Sarmah, Xichun Luo, K.S. Reddy, T. K. Mallick

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

Temperature rising negatively affects all the photovoltaic technologies. This problem becomes particularly relevant for concentrating photovoltaic (CPV), where the sunlight density is increased up to thousands of suns and the exchange surfaces are inversely reduced. Furthermore, multijunction cells, most commonly used in CPV applications, intensely suffer the increasing in temperature. Several technologies, mainly active ones, have been tested so far to solve this problem. Micro- and nano-technologies can represent a cheap and effective passive solution for CPV cooling: in particular the application of a micro-fin array leads to a strong improvement of the exchange surface area. In this work, it has been developed onto a silicon backplate of a 4-cells CPV receiver: different designs have been developed and tested in a solar simulator and then the results have been compared to those of a flat silicon wafer. This paper investigates for the first time the effect of geometry of a micro fin array on natural convection on a silicon backplate of a CPV receiver, in order to minimize the thermal gradient between the solar cell and the cooling plate. It reports the improving in efficiency related to the application of a micro-fin array replacing a flat wafer. The correlation among the micro-fins geometric parameters (such as fins spacing and fins thickness) and the cooling efficiency of the array has been sorted out as well.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
EditorsA. Mine, A. Jäger-Waldau, P. Helm
Place of PublicationMunich
Pages668-971
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2013
Event28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition - Paris, France
Duration: 30 Sep 20134 Oct 2013

Conference

Conference28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition
CountryFrance
CityParis
Period30/09/134/10/13

Fingerprint

Fins (heat exchange)
Thermal effects
Cooling
Silicon
Geometry
Photovoltaic cells
Silicon wafers
Nanotechnology
Natural convection
Thermal gradients
Solar cells
Simulators
Temperature

Keywords

  • multijunction solar cell
  • thermal performance
  • concentrator
  • design
  • photovoltaic
  • sunlight density
  • micro fin array

Cite this

Micheli, L., Sarmah, N., Luo, X., Reddy, K. S., & Mallick, T. K. (2013). Thermal effect of micro-fin geometry on a silicon receiver for CPV cooling purpose. In A. Mine, A. Jäger-Waldau, & P. Helm (Eds.), Proceedings 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (pp. 668-971). Munich. https://doi.org/10.4229/28thEUPVSEC2013-1CV.6.47
Micheli, L. ; Sarmah, N. ; Luo, Xichun ; Reddy, K.S. ; Mallick, T. K. / Thermal effect of micro-fin geometry on a silicon receiver for CPV cooling purpose. Proceedings 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. editor / A. Mine ; A. Jäger-Waldau ; P. Helm. Munich, 2013. pp. 668-971
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keywords = "multijunction solar cell, thermal performance, concentrator, design, photovoltaic, sunlight density, micro fin array",
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Micheli, L, Sarmah, N, Luo, X, Reddy, KS & Mallick, TK 2013, Thermal effect of micro-fin geometry on a silicon receiver for CPV cooling purpose. in A Mine, A Jäger-Waldau & P Helm (eds), Proceedings 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. Munich, pp. 668-971, 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, Paris, France, 30/09/13. https://doi.org/10.4229/28thEUPVSEC2013-1CV.6.47

Thermal effect of micro-fin geometry on a silicon receiver for CPV cooling purpose. / Micheli, L.; Sarmah, N.; Luo, Xichun; Reddy, K.S.; Mallick, T. K.

Proceedings 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. ed. / A. Mine; A. Jäger-Waldau; P. Helm. Munich, 2013. p. 668-971.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - Thermal effect of micro-fin geometry on a silicon receiver for CPV cooling purpose

AU - Micheli, L.

AU - Sarmah, N.

AU - Luo, Xichun

AU - Reddy, K.S.

AU - Mallick, T. K.

PY - 2013/9/30

Y1 - 2013/9/30

N2 - Temperature rising negatively affects all the photovoltaic technologies. This problem becomes particularly relevant for concentrating photovoltaic (CPV), where the sunlight density is increased up to thousands of suns and the exchange surfaces are inversely reduced. Furthermore, multijunction cells, most commonly used in CPV applications, intensely suffer the increasing in temperature. Several technologies, mainly active ones, have been tested so far to solve this problem. Micro- and nano-technologies can represent a cheap and effective passive solution for CPV cooling: in particular the application of a micro-fin array leads to a strong improvement of the exchange surface area. In this work, it has been developed onto a silicon backplate of a 4-cells CPV receiver: different designs have been developed and tested in a solar simulator and then the results have been compared to those of a flat silicon wafer. This paper investigates for the first time the effect of geometry of a micro fin array on natural convection on a silicon backplate of a CPV receiver, in order to minimize the thermal gradient between the solar cell and the cooling plate. It reports the improving in efficiency related to the application of a micro-fin array replacing a flat wafer. The correlation among the micro-fins geometric parameters (such as fins spacing and fins thickness) and the cooling efficiency of the array has been sorted out as well.

AB - Temperature rising negatively affects all the photovoltaic technologies. This problem becomes particularly relevant for concentrating photovoltaic (CPV), where the sunlight density is increased up to thousands of suns and the exchange surfaces are inversely reduced. Furthermore, multijunction cells, most commonly used in CPV applications, intensely suffer the increasing in temperature. Several technologies, mainly active ones, have been tested so far to solve this problem. Micro- and nano-technologies can represent a cheap and effective passive solution for CPV cooling: in particular the application of a micro-fin array leads to a strong improvement of the exchange surface area. In this work, it has been developed onto a silicon backplate of a 4-cells CPV receiver: different designs have been developed and tested in a solar simulator and then the results have been compared to those of a flat silicon wafer. This paper investigates for the first time the effect of geometry of a micro fin array on natural convection on a silicon backplate of a CPV receiver, in order to minimize the thermal gradient between the solar cell and the cooling plate. It reports the improving in efficiency related to the application of a micro-fin array replacing a flat wafer. The correlation among the micro-fins geometric parameters (such as fins spacing and fins thickness) and the cooling efficiency of the array has been sorted out as well.

KW - multijunction solar cell

KW - thermal performance

KW - concentrator

KW - design

KW - photovoltaic

KW - sunlight density

KW - micro fin array

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DO - 10.4229/28thEUPVSEC2013-1CV.6.47

M3 - Conference contribution book

SN - 3936338337

SP - 668

EP - 971

BT - Proceedings 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition

A2 - Mine, A.

A2 - Jäger-Waldau, A.

A2 - Helm, P.

CY - Munich

ER -

Micheli L, Sarmah N, Luo X, Reddy KS, Mallick TK. Thermal effect of micro-fin geometry on a silicon receiver for CPV cooling purpose. In Mine A, Jäger-Waldau A, Helm P, editors, Proceedings 28th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition. Munich. 2013. p. 668-971 https://doi.org/10.4229/28thEUPVSEC2013-1CV.6.47