Thermal districts in Colombia: Developing a methodology to estimate the cooling potential demand

J. P. Ríos-Ocampo*, Yris Olaya, Ándres Osorio, Daniel Henao, Ricardo Smith, Santiago Arango-Aramburo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Thermal Districts have been presented globally as an efficient alternative to supply the demand for cooling and heating in urban areas. The development of thermal districts has been slow due to the uncertainty of demand and the lack of methods for estimating potential demands. However, the information needed for estimating district cooling potential is scarce in many cities, and the existing methodologies need to be adapted to specific conditions. This paper develops a methodology to estimate the potential for developing district cooling based on cities' climate and economic activities. The proposed methodology is applied in 13 Colombian metropolitan areas to identify potential clusters for district cooling according to the geographical distribution of buildings. The results show that the total potential demand for cooling in the 13 cities in Colombia is almost 650 MW. This paper concludes that demand for cooling that could be supplied with the implementation of tailor-made district cooling designed using the local economic characteristics of the cities through the 37 emerging clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112612
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Early online date24 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • District cooling
  • Energy potential
  • Energy transition
  • Renewable energy
  • Thermal district


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