Thermal convection and related instabilities in models of crystal growth from the melt on earth and in microgravity: past history and current status

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Abstract

The paper presents a comparative study of a number of theoretical/experimental/numerical results concerning the dynamics of natural (gravitational), Marangoni and related mixed convection in various geometrical models of widely-used technologies for the production of single-crystalline materials (Horizontal and Vertical Bridgman growth, Czochralski Method, Floating Zone Technique). Emphasis is given to fundamental knowledge provided over the years by landmark analyses as well as to very recent contributions. Such a knowledge is of paramount importance since it is validating new, more complex models, accelerating the current trend towards predictable and reproducible phenomena and finally providing an adequate scientific foundation to industrial processes which are still conducted on a largely empirical basis. A deductive approach is followed with fluid-dynamic systems of growing complexity being treated as the discussion progresses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-549
Number of pages19
JournalCrystal Research and Technology
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2005

Keywords

  • buoyancy convection
  • Marangoni flow
  • convective instabilities
  • horizontal and vertical Bridgman growth
  • Czochralski method
  • floating zone technique
  • crystal growth
  • microgravity

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