Therapeutic residential care for children and youth: a consensus statement of the International Work Group on Therapeutic Residential Care

James K. Whittaker, Lisa Holmes, Jorge F. del Valle, Frank Ainsworth, Tore Andreasson, James Anglin, Christopher Bellonci, David Berridge, Amaia Bravo, Cinzia Canali, Mark Courtney, Laurah Currey, Daniel Daly, Robbie Gilligan, Hans Grietens, Annemiek Harder, Martha Holden, Sigrid James, Andrew Kendrick, Erik KnorthMette Lausten, John Lyons, Eduardo Martin, Samantha McDermid, Patricia McNamara, Laura Palareti, Susan Ramsay, Kari Sisson, Richard Small, June Thoburn, Ronald Thompson, Anat Zeira

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    156 Citations (Scopus)
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    In many developed countries around the world, "group care" interventions for children and adolescents have come under increasing scrutiny from central government, private philanthropic, and child advocacy agencies desirous of: achieving better outcomes for vulnerable children and youth; doing so in closer collaboration with their families and in closer proximity to their home communities and cultures in ways that reduce the potential for abuse while maximizing the use of informal helping resources; and, with the hope of reducing the high costs often associated with group residential provision. In some jurisdictions, efforts to reduce residential care resources in the absence of sufficient alternatives to serve high-resource needing youth has had unintended and negative consequences (Ainsworth & Hansen, 2005). Underpinning these many reform efforts has been a widely shared desire to design interventions that are effective and consistent with what is known about avoiding iatrogenic effects such as "deviancy training" and providing multiple opportunities for children to progress to the full limit of their developmental potential wherever they are served. Robbie Gilligan from Trinity College, Dublin has succinctly illuminated the challenges confronting those who seek to identify a place and purpose for high quality therapeutic residential care services in an overall child and family services system (Gilligan, 2014 Gilligan, R. (2014).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)89-106
    Number of pages18
    JournalResidential Treatment for Children and Youth
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Sept 2016


    • residential care
    • group care
    • children in care


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