The West African medical staff and the administration of imperial tropical medicine, 1902-1914

Ryan Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Established in 1902, the West African Medical Staff (WAMS) brought together the six medical departments of British West Africa. Its formation also followed the foundation of schools of tropical medicine in London and Liverpool. While the ‘white’ dominions were at the centre of Joseph Chamberlain's ambitions of erecting a system of imperial preference, the tropical colonies were increasingly tethered to the future security and prosperity of Greater Britain. Therefore, politicians and businessmen considered the WAMS and the new tropical medicine important first steps for making Britain's West African possessions healthier and more profitable regions of the empire. However, rather than realising these goals, significant structural barriers, and the self-interest and conservatism this helped breed among medical officers, made the application of even the most basic public health measures extremely challenging. Like many policies emanating from Whitehall during this period, what made the WAMS and the new tropical medicine thoroughly imperial was nothing accomplished in practice, but the hopes and aspirations placed in them.
LanguageEnglish
Pages419-439
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

medicine
staff
businessman
West Africa
conservatism
prosperity
possession
public health
politician
school
Staff
Tropical Medicine
Africa
policy

Keywords

  • West Africa
  • medical staff
  • administration
  • imperial tropical medicine
  • 1902-1914

Cite this

@article{bd7e182c2ffc48b9b180d05ceda53354,
title = "The West African medical staff and the administration of imperial tropical medicine, 1902-1914",
abstract = "Established in 1902, the West African Medical Staff (WAMS) brought together the six medical departments of British West Africa. Its formation also followed the foundation of schools of tropical medicine in London and Liverpool. While the ‘white’ dominions were at the centre of Joseph Chamberlain's ambitions of erecting a system of imperial preference, the tropical colonies were increasingly tethered to the future security and prosperity of Greater Britain. Therefore, politicians and businessmen considered the WAMS and the new tropical medicine important first steps for making Britain's West African possessions healthier and more profitable regions of the empire. However, rather than realising these goals, significant structural barriers, and the self-interest and conservatism this helped breed among medical officers, made the application of even the most basic public health measures extremely challenging. Like many policies emanating from Whitehall during this period, what made the WAMS and the new tropical medicine thoroughly imperial was nothing accomplished in practice, but the hopes and aspirations placed in them.",
keywords = "West Africa, medical staff, administration, imperial tropical medicine, 1902-1914",
author = "Ryan Johnson",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1080/03086534.2010.503396",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "419--439",
journal = "Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History",
issn = "0308-6534",
number = "3",

}

The West African medical staff and the administration of imperial tropical medicine, 1902-1914. / Johnson, Ryan.

In: Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, Vol. 38, No. 3, 2010, p. 419-439.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The West African medical staff and the administration of imperial tropical medicine, 1902-1914

AU - Johnson, Ryan

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Established in 1902, the West African Medical Staff (WAMS) brought together the six medical departments of British West Africa. Its formation also followed the foundation of schools of tropical medicine in London and Liverpool. While the ‘white’ dominions were at the centre of Joseph Chamberlain's ambitions of erecting a system of imperial preference, the tropical colonies were increasingly tethered to the future security and prosperity of Greater Britain. Therefore, politicians and businessmen considered the WAMS and the new tropical medicine important first steps for making Britain's West African possessions healthier and more profitable regions of the empire. However, rather than realising these goals, significant structural barriers, and the self-interest and conservatism this helped breed among medical officers, made the application of even the most basic public health measures extremely challenging. Like many policies emanating from Whitehall during this period, what made the WAMS and the new tropical medicine thoroughly imperial was nothing accomplished in practice, but the hopes and aspirations placed in them.

AB - Established in 1902, the West African Medical Staff (WAMS) brought together the six medical departments of British West Africa. Its formation also followed the foundation of schools of tropical medicine in London and Liverpool. While the ‘white’ dominions were at the centre of Joseph Chamberlain's ambitions of erecting a system of imperial preference, the tropical colonies were increasingly tethered to the future security and prosperity of Greater Britain. Therefore, politicians and businessmen considered the WAMS and the new tropical medicine important first steps for making Britain's West African possessions healthier and more profitable regions of the empire. However, rather than realising these goals, significant structural barriers, and the self-interest and conservatism this helped breed among medical officers, made the application of even the most basic public health measures extremely challenging. Like many policies emanating from Whitehall during this period, what made the WAMS and the new tropical medicine thoroughly imperial was nothing accomplished in practice, but the hopes and aspirations placed in them.

KW - West Africa

KW - medical staff

KW - administration

KW - imperial tropical medicine

KW - 1902-1914

UR - http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/fich

U2 - 10.1080/03086534.2010.503396

DO - 10.1080/03086534.2010.503396

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 419

EP - 439

JO - Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History

T2 - Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History

JF - Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History

SN - 0308-6534

IS - 3

ER -