The ventilation of buildings and other mitigating measures for COVID-19: a focus on wintertime

Henry C. Burridge, Rajesh K. Bhagat, Marc E. J. Stettler, Prashant Kumar, Ishanki De Mel, Panagiotis Demis, Allen Hart, Yyanis Johnson-Llambias, Marco-Felipe King, Oleksiy Klymenko, Alison McMillan, Piotr Morawiecki, Thomas Pennington, Michael Short, David Sykes, Philippe H. Trinh, Stephen K. Wilson, Clint Wong, Hayley Wragg, Megan S. Davies WykesChris Iddon, Andew W. Woods, Nicola Mingotti, Neeraja Bhamidipati, Huw Woodward, Clive Beggs, Hywel Davies, Shaun Fitzgerald, Christopher Pain, P.F. Linden

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The year 2020 has seen the emergence of a global pandemic as a result of the disease COVID-19. This report reviews knowledge of the transmission of COVID-19 indoors, examines the evidence for mitigating measures, and considers the implications for wintertime with a focus on ventilation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number20200855
Number of pages31
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number2247
Early online date17 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2021


  • building ventilation
  • Covid-19
  • global pandemic
  • Covid-transmission

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