The use of enantiomeric ratios to assess the fate of mecoprop in groundwater

GM Williams, I. Harrison, D J Noy, O. Crowley, R M Kalin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

Disposal of the chiral phenoxyacid herbicide mecoprop into landfills in the Lincolnshire Limestone has polluted an abstraction well 2.5 km away. Differences in the biological behaviour of the two mirror image structures of mecoprop (or enantiomers), means that changes in the enantiomeric ratio (ER) can help identify the extent of biodegradation down gradient of the landfill. Deposited as a racemic mixture (i.e. 50% of each enantiomer), there has been no change in the ER in the most polluted part of the landfill plume where conditions are sulphate reducing/methanogenic, indicating no degradation. In the iron and nitrate reducing zones of the plume (S)-mecoprop dominates suggesting either inversion of the (R)-mecoprop to (S)-mecoprop, or faster degradation of (R)-mecoprop. In the aerobic aquifer the gradual increase in the ER in favour of (R)-mecoprop suggests faster degradation of (S)-mecoprop. The persistence of mecoprop in the confined Lincolnshire Limestone further down dip is explained by degradation being inhibited by sulphate reducing conditions that develop naturally.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationPesticide behaviour in soils and water
EditorsA. Walker
Place of PublicationFarnham
Pages211-216
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2001
EventSymposium on Pesticide Behaviour in Soils and Water - Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: 13 Nov 200115 Nov 2001

Publication series

NameBritish Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings
PublisherBritish Crop Protection Council
No.78
ISSN (Print)0306-3941

Conference

ConferenceSymposium on Pesticide Behaviour in Soils and Water
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBrighton
Period13/11/0115/11/01

Fingerprint

landfill
degradation
groundwater
plume
limestone
sulfate
herbicide
dip
biodegradation
persistence
aquifer
nitrate
iron
inversion

Keywords

  • enantiomeric ratios
  • assess
  • fate
  • mecoprop
  • groundwater

Cite this

Williams, GM., Harrison, I., Noy, D. J., Crowley, O., & Kalin, R. M. (2001). The use of enantiomeric ratios to assess the fate of mecoprop in groundwater. In A. Walker (Ed.), Pesticide behaviour in soils and water (pp. 211-216). (British Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings; No. 78). Farnham.
Williams, GM ; Harrison, I. ; Noy, D J ; Crowley, O. ; Kalin, R M. / The use of enantiomeric ratios to assess the fate of mecoprop in groundwater. Pesticide behaviour in soils and water. editor / A. Walker. Farnham, 2001. pp. 211-216 (British Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings; 78).
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Williams, GM, Harrison, I, Noy, DJ, Crowley, O & Kalin, RM 2001, The use of enantiomeric ratios to assess the fate of mecoprop in groundwater. in A Walker (ed.), Pesticide behaviour in soils and water. British Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings, no. 78, Farnham, pp. 211-216, Symposium on Pesticide Behaviour in Soils and Water , Brighton, United Kingdom, 13/11/01.

The use of enantiomeric ratios to assess the fate of mecoprop in groundwater. / Williams, GM; Harrison, I.; Noy, D J; Crowley, O.; Kalin, R M.

Pesticide behaviour in soils and water. ed. / A. Walker. Farnham, 2001. p. 211-216 (British Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings; No. 78).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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T1 - The use of enantiomeric ratios to assess the fate of mecoprop in groundwater

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N2 - Disposal of the chiral phenoxyacid herbicide mecoprop into landfills in the Lincolnshire Limestone has polluted an abstraction well 2.5 km away. Differences in the biological behaviour of the two mirror image structures of mecoprop (or enantiomers), means that changes in the enantiomeric ratio (ER) can help identify the extent of biodegradation down gradient of the landfill. Deposited as a racemic mixture (i.e. 50% of each enantiomer), there has been no change in the ER in the most polluted part of the landfill plume where conditions are sulphate reducing/methanogenic, indicating no degradation. In the iron and nitrate reducing zones of the plume (S)-mecoprop dominates suggesting either inversion of the (R)-mecoprop to (S)-mecoprop, or faster degradation of (R)-mecoprop. In the aerobic aquifer the gradual increase in the ER in favour of (R)-mecoprop suggests faster degradation of (S)-mecoprop. The persistence of mecoprop in the confined Lincolnshire Limestone further down dip is explained by degradation being inhibited by sulphate reducing conditions that develop naturally.

AB - Disposal of the chiral phenoxyacid herbicide mecoprop into landfills in the Lincolnshire Limestone has polluted an abstraction well 2.5 km away. Differences in the biological behaviour of the two mirror image structures of mecoprop (or enantiomers), means that changes in the enantiomeric ratio (ER) can help identify the extent of biodegradation down gradient of the landfill. Deposited as a racemic mixture (i.e. 50% of each enantiomer), there has been no change in the ER in the most polluted part of the landfill plume where conditions are sulphate reducing/methanogenic, indicating no degradation. In the iron and nitrate reducing zones of the plume (S)-mecoprop dominates suggesting either inversion of the (R)-mecoprop to (S)-mecoprop, or faster degradation of (R)-mecoprop. In the aerobic aquifer the gradual increase in the ER in favour of (R)-mecoprop suggests faster degradation of (S)-mecoprop. The persistence of mecoprop in the confined Lincolnshire Limestone further down dip is explained by degradation being inhibited by sulphate reducing conditions that develop naturally.

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Williams GM, Harrison I, Noy DJ, Crowley O, Kalin RM. The use of enantiomeric ratios to assess the fate of mecoprop in groundwater. In Walker A, editor, Pesticide behaviour in soils and water. Farnham. 2001. p. 211-216. (British Crop Protection Council Symposium Proceedings; 78).