The use of a quadcopter-mounted hyper-spectral spectrometer for examining reflectance in Scottish coastal waters

Rebecca J. Weeks, Philip Anderson, Keith Davidson, David McKee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

Remote sensing of the marine coastal environment is useful for obtaining information about processes occurring within it. Monitoring has traditionally been carried out in situ, before investment increased in remote techniques such as manned planes and satellites. This paper proposes the use of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) as an alternative platform, with an aim of increasing the spectral, spatial and temporal resolution of data whilst reducing the associated costs and risks. A custom-built 'spectro-copter' system, comprising of an integrated dual field-of-view, miniaturised, hyper-spectral spectrometer aboard a purpose-built quadcopter is presented, developed at the Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), Oban. This has been produced with a view to investigating reflectance from Scottish coastal waters, which can give inferences as to the concentrations of various constituents present [1, 2]. Initial test flights show the 'spectro-copter' system is capable of flights of ~20 minutes, sufficient for meaningful data collection, despite late adjustments incurring increased weight and an associated reduction in efficiency. Early results demonstrate that the setup is capable of discerning differences in R at a high spectral resolution. Further work is ongoing in order to assess the capacity for establishing this equipment as a routine technique for the monitoring of coastal harmful algal blooms (HAB), which currently relies upon physical sampling in combination with satellites. HAB events are noted to be increasing in severity and frequency [3, 4], with knock-on health and economic impacts, particularly for the rising aquaculture industry in Scottish coastal waters [5]. Therefore advancement of an alternative, affordable technique would be extremely beneficial.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings
Place of PublicationPiscataway, N.J.
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages8826-8829
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538671504
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Oct 2018
Event38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 22 Jul 201827 Jul 2018

Conference

Conference38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018
CountrySpain
CityValencia
Period22/07/1827/07/18

Fingerprint

Spectrometers
coastal water
reflectance
algal bloom
spectrometer
flight
Satellites
Aquaculture
Oceanography
aquaculture industry
Monitoring
Spectral resolution
health impact
monitoring
field of view
spectral resolution
economic impact
coastal zone
Water
Remote sensing

Keywords

  • hyper-spectral
  • quadcopter
  • reflectance
  • remote-sensing
  • remotely piloted aircraft system
  • Scottish coastal waters
  • spectrometer

Cite this

Weeks, R. J., Anderson, P., Davidson, K., & McKee, D. (2018). The use of a quadcopter-mounted hyper-spectral spectrometer for examining reflectance in Scottish coastal waters. In 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings (pp. 8826-8829). Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8519580
Weeks, Rebecca J. ; Anderson, Philip ; Davidson, Keith ; McKee, David. / The use of a quadcopter-mounted hyper-spectral spectrometer for examining reflectance in Scottish coastal waters. 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings. Piscataway, N.J. : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. pp. 8826-8829
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abstract = "Remote sensing of the marine coastal environment is useful for obtaining information about processes occurring within it. Monitoring has traditionally been carried out in situ, before investment increased in remote techniques such as manned planes and satellites. This paper proposes the use of remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) as an alternative platform, with an aim of increasing the spectral, spatial and temporal resolution of data whilst reducing the associated costs and risks. A custom-built 'spectro-copter' system, comprising of an integrated dual field-of-view, miniaturised, hyper-spectral spectrometer aboard a purpose-built quadcopter is presented, developed at the Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS), Oban. This has been produced with a view to investigating reflectance from Scottish coastal waters, which can give inferences as to the concentrations of various constituents present [1, 2]. Initial test flights show the 'spectro-copter' system is capable of flights of ~20 minutes, sufficient for meaningful data collection, despite late adjustments incurring increased weight and an associated reduction in efficiency. Early results demonstrate that the setup is capable of discerning differences in R at a high spectral resolution. Further work is ongoing in order to assess the capacity for establishing this equipment as a routine technique for the monitoring of coastal harmful algal blooms (HAB), which currently relies upon physical sampling in combination with satellites. HAB events are noted to be increasing in severity and frequency [3, 4], with knock-on health and economic impacts, particularly for the rising aquaculture industry in Scottish coastal waters [5]. Therefore advancement of an alternative, affordable technique would be extremely beneficial.",
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Weeks, RJ, Anderson, P, Davidson, K & McKee, D 2018, The use of a quadcopter-mounted hyper-spectral spectrometer for examining reflectance in Scottish coastal waters. in 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Piscataway, N.J., pp. 8826-8829, 38th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018, Valencia, Spain, 22/07/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8519580

The use of a quadcopter-mounted hyper-spectral spectrometer for examining reflectance in Scottish coastal waters. / Weeks, Rebecca J.; Anderson, Philip; Davidson, Keith; McKee, David.

2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings. Piscataway, N.J. : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. p. 8826-8829.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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Weeks RJ, Anderson P, Davidson K, McKee D. The use of a quadcopter-mounted hyper-spectral spectrometer for examining reflectance in Scottish coastal waters. In 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2018 - Proceedings. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2018. p. 8826-8829 https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8519580