The structure and crystallization of thin water films on Pt(111)

G. Zimbitas, S. Haq, A. Hodgson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When water is adsorbed on Pt(111) above 135 K several different ice structures crystallize, depending on the thickness of the ice layer. At low coverage water forms extended islands of ice with a (√37×√37) R25° unit cell, which compresses as the monolayer saturates to form a (√39×√39) R16° structure. The √39 low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) pattern becomes more intense as the second layer grows, remaining bright for films up of 10-15 layers and then fading and disappearing for films more than ca. 40 layers thick. The ice multilayer consists of an ordered √39 wetting layer, on which ice grows as a crystalline film which progressively loses its registry to the wetting layer. Ice films more than ca. 50 layers thick develop a hexagonal LEED pattern, the entire film and wetting layer reorienting to form an incommensurate bulk ice. These changes are reflected in the vibrational spectra which show changes in line shape and intensity associated with the different ice structures. Thin amorphous solid water films crystallize to form the same phases observed during growth, implying that these structures are thermodynamically stable and not kinetic phases formed during growth. The change from a √39 registry to incommensurate bulk ice at ca. 50 layers is associated with a change in crystallization kinetics from nucleation at the Pt(111) interface in thin films to nucleation of incommensurate bulk ice in amorphous solid water films more than 50 layers thick.

LanguageEnglish
Article number174701
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume123
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2005

Fingerprint

Ice
Crystallization
ice
crystallization
Water
water
wetting
Wetting
Low energy electron diffraction
Diffraction patterns
Nucleation
diffraction patterns
electron diffraction
nucleation
Crystallization kinetics
kinetics
Vibrational spectra
fading
vibrational spectra
line shape

Keywords

  • ice
  • Pt(111)
  • thin film structure
  • crystal structure
  • low-energy electron diffraction (LEED)
  • thin films

Cite this

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The structure and crystallization of thin water films on Pt(111). / Zimbitas, G.; Haq, S.; Hodgson, A.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 123, No. 17, 174701, 01.11.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - When water is adsorbed on Pt(111) above 135 K several different ice structures crystallize, depending on the thickness of the ice layer. At low coverage water forms extended islands of ice with a (√37×√37) R25° unit cell, which compresses as the monolayer saturates to form a (√39×√39) R16° structure. The √39 low-energy electron diffraction (LEED) pattern becomes more intense as the second layer grows, remaining bright for films up of 10-15 layers and then fading and disappearing for films more than ca. 40 layers thick. The ice multilayer consists of an ordered √39 wetting layer, on which ice grows as a crystalline film which progressively loses its registry to the wetting layer. Ice films more than ca. 50 layers thick develop a hexagonal LEED pattern, the entire film and wetting layer reorienting to form an incommensurate bulk ice. These changes are reflected in the vibrational spectra which show changes in line shape and intensity associated with the different ice structures. Thin amorphous solid water films crystallize to form the same phases observed during growth, implying that these structures are thermodynamically stable and not kinetic phases formed during growth. The change from a √39 registry to incommensurate bulk ice at ca. 50 layers is associated with a change in crystallization kinetics from nucleation at the Pt(111) interface in thin films to nucleation of incommensurate bulk ice in amorphous solid water films more than 50 layers thick.

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