The Stokes boundary layer for a thixotropic or antithixotropic fluid

Catriona McArdle, David Pritchard, Stephen Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a mathematical investigation of the oscillatory boundary layer in a semi-infinite fluid bounded by an oscillating wall (the so-called ‘Stokes problem’), when the fluid has a thixotropic or antithixotropic rheology. We obtain asymptotic solutions in the limit of small-amplitude oscillations, and we use numerical integration to validate the asymptotic solutions and to explore the behaviour of the system for larger-amplitude oscillations. The solutions that we obtain differ significantly from the classical solution for a Newtonian fluid. In particular, for antithixotropic fluids the velocity reaches zero at a finite distance from the wall, in contrast to the exponential decay for a thixotropic or a Newtonian fluid.

For small amplitudes of oscillation, three regimes of behaviour are possible: the structure parameter may take values defined instantaneously by the shear rate, or by a long-term average; or it may behave hysteretically. The regime boundaries depend on the precise specification of structure build-up and breakdown rates in the rheological model, illustrating the subtleties of complex fluid models in non-rheometric settings. For larger amplitudes of oscillation the dominant behaviour is hysteretic. We discuss in particular the relationship between the shear stress and the shear rate at the oscillating wall.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-38
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Volume185-186
Early online date20 Aug 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Stokes boundary layer
  • thixotropic fluid
  • antithixotropic fluid

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