The stability of polysiloxanes incorporating nano-scale physical property modifiers

J.P. Lewicki, M. Patel, P. Morrell, J.J. Liggat, J. Murphy, R.A. Pethrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reported here is the synthesis and subsequent characterization of the physical and chemical properties of novel polysiloxane elastomers modified with a series of polyhedraloligomericsilsequioxane (POSS) molecular silicas. The physical properties of the formulated nanocomposite systems have been characterized with a combination of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and confocal Raman microscopy. The results of the physical property characterization demonstrate that the incorporation of low levels (1-4% by wt.) of POSS particles into the polysiloxane network leads to significant improvements in the mechanical properties of the elastomer and significantly alters the motional chain dynamics of the system as a whole. The results of studies performed to assess the long-term stability of these novel nanocomposite systems have demonstrated that POSS physical property modifiers can significantly alter the thermal stability of polysiloxane elastomers. Physically dispersed POSS has also been shown in some cases to be both mobile and disruptive within the polysiloxane networks, agglomerating into domains on a micron scale and migrating to the surface of the elastomers. This work demonstrates both the potential of POSS nanoparticles as physical property modifiers and describes the effects of POSS on the physical and chemical stability of polysiloxane systems.
LanguageEnglish
Pages024403-024411
Number of pages8
JournalScience and Technology of Advanced Materials
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Fingerprint

Siloxanes
Elastomers
Silicones
Physical properties
Nanocomposites
Dielectric spectroscopy
Chemical stability
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Silicon Dioxide
Chemical properties
Microscopic examination
Thermodynamic stability
Silica
Nanoparticles
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • dimethylsiloxane
  • POSS
  • nanocomposite
  • physical property modifiers

Cite this

Lewicki, J.P. ; Patel, M. ; Morrell, P. ; Liggat, J.J. ; Murphy, J. ; Pethrick, R.A. / The stability of polysiloxanes incorporating nano-scale physical property modifiers. In: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials. 2008 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 024403-024411.
@article{4cbaaa402b1646f9987dcfc642d7bef4,
title = "The stability of polysiloxanes incorporating nano-scale physical property modifiers",
abstract = "Reported here is the synthesis and subsequent characterization of the physical and chemical properties of novel polysiloxane elastomers modified with a series of polyhedraloligomericsilsequioxane (POSS) molecular silicas. The physical properties of the formulated nanocomposite systems have been characterized with a combination of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and confocal Raman microscopy. The results of the physical property characterization demonstrate that the incorporation of low levels (1-4{\%} by wt.) of POSS particles into the polysiloxane network leads to significant improvements in the mechanical properties of the elastomer and significantly alters the motional chain dynamics of the system as a whole. The results of studies performed to assess the long-term stability of these novel nanocomposite systems have demonstrated that POSS physical property modifiers can significantly alter the thermal stability of polysiloxane elastomers. Physically dispersed POSS has also been shown in some cases to be both mobile and disruptive within the polysiloxane networks, agglomerating into domains on a micron scale and migrating to the surface of the elastomers. This work demonstrates both the potential of POSS nanoparticles as physical property modifiers and describes the effects of POSS on the physical and chemical stability of polysiloxane systems.",
keywords = "dimethylsiloxane, POSS, nanocomposite, physical property modifiers",
author = "J.P. Lewicki and M. Patel and P. Morrell and J.J. Liggat and J. Murphy and R.A. Pethrick",
note = "http://suprimo.lib.strath.ac.uk/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?ct=display&doc=SUSFX974392605051&indx=1&frbg=&dum=true&vid=SUVU01&vl(54032236UI0)=lsr02&vl(96071691UI1)=all_items&srt=rank&indx=1&dstmp=1271689500566&tab=local&ct=search&scp.scps=scope{\%}3A(SU)&vl(freeText0)=Science{\%}20and{\%}20technology{\%}20of{\%}20advanced{\%}20materials&fn=search&mode=Basic&dscnt=0",
year = "2008",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1088/1468-6996/9/2/024403",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "024403--024411",
journal = "Science and Technology of Advanced Materials",
issn = "1468-6996",
number = "2",

}

The stability of polysiloxanes incorporating nano-scale physical property modifiers. / Lewicki, J.P.; Patel, M.; Morrell, P.; Liggat, J.J.; Murphy, J.; Pethrick, R.A.

In: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, Vol. 9, No. 2, 06.2008, p. 024403-024411.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The stability of polysiloxanes incorporating nano-scale physical property modifiers

AU - Lewicki, J.P.

AU - Patel, M.

AU - Morrell, P.

AU - Liggat, J.J.

AU - Murphy, J.

AU - Pethrick, R.A.

N1 - http://suprimo.lib.strath.ac.uk/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?ct=display&doc=SUSFX974392605051&indx=1&frbg=&dum=true&vid=SUVU01&vl(54032236UI0)=lsr02&vl(96071691UI1)=all_items&srt=rank&indx=1&dstmp=1271689500566&tab=local&ct=search&scp.scps=scope%3A(SU)&vl(freeText0)=Science%20and%20technology%20of%20advanced%20materials&fn=search&mode=Basic&dscnt=0

PY - 2008/6

Y1 - 2008/6

N2 - Reported here is the synthesis and subsequent characterization of the physical and chemical properties of novel polysiloxane elastomers modified with a series of polyhedraloligomericsilsequioxane (POSS) molecular silicas. The physical properties of the formulated nanocomposite systems have been characterized with a combination of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and confocal Raman microscopy. The results of the physical property characterization demonstrate that the incorporation of low levels (1-4% by wt.) of POSS particles into the polysiloxane network leads to significant improvements in the mechanical properties of the elastomer and significantly alters the motional chain dynamics of the system as a whole. The results of studies performed to assess the long-term stability of these novel nanocomposite systems have demonstrated that POSS physical property modifiers can significantly alter the thermal stability of polysiloxane elastomers. Physically dispersed POSS has also been shown in some cases to be both mobile and disruptive within the polysiloxane networks, agglomerating into domains on a micron scale and migrating to the surface of the elastomers. This work demonstrates both the potential of POSS nanoparticles as physical property modifiers and describes the effects of POSS on the physical and chemical stability of polysiloxane systems.

AB - Reported here is the synthesis and subsequent characterization of the physical and chemical properties of novel polysiloxane elastomers modified with a series of polyhedraloligomericsilsequioxane (POSS) molecular silicas. The physical properties of the formulated nanocomposite systems have been characterized with a combination of dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and confocal Raman microscopy. The results of the physical property characterization demonstrate that the incorporation of low levels (1-4% by wt.) of POSS particles into the polysiloxane network leads to significant improvements in the mechanical properties of the elastomer and significantly alters the motional chain dynamics of the system as a whole. The results of studies performed to assess the long-term stability of these novel nanocomposite systems have demonstrated that POSS physical property modifiers can significantly alter the thermal stability of polysiloxane elastomers. Physically dispersed POSS has also been shown in some cases to be both mobile and disruptive within the polysiloxane networks, agglomerating into domains on a micron scale and migrating to the surface of the elastomers. This work demonstrates both the potential of POSS nanoparticles as physical property modifiers and describes the effects of POSS on the physical and chemical stability of polysiloxane systems.

KW - dimethylsiloxane

KW - POSS

KW - nanocomposite

KW - physical property modifiers

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1468-6996/9/2/024403

U2 - 10.1088/1468-6996/9/2/024403

DO - 10.1088/1468-6996/9/2/024403

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 24403

EP - 24411

JO - Science and Technology of Advanced Materials

T2 - Science and Technology of Advanced Materials

JF - Science and Technology of Advanced Materials

SN - 1468-6996

IS - 2

ER -