The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: A DEDIPAC-study

Sebastien F M Chastin, Marieke De Craemer, Nanna Lien, Claire Bernaards, Christoph Buck, Jean-Michel Oppert, Julie-Anne Nazare, Jeroen Lakerveld, Grainne O'Donoghue, Michelle Holdsworth, Neville Owen, Johannes Brug, Greet Cardon, David Conroy, Genevieve Healy, Lars Joren Langøien, John Reilly, Harry Rutter, Jo Salmon, Dawn Skelton & 61 others Kahaerjiang Abula, Wolfgang Ahrens, Iqbal Alshayji, Anass Arrogi, Lauren Arundell, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Ruben Brondeel, Victoria Bullock, Jill Burns, Cedric Busschaert, Laura Capranica, Sebastien Chastin, Giancarlo Condello, Katie Crist, Philippa Dall, Katrien De Cocker, Sara De Lepeleere, Manon Dontje, Bernard Duvivier, Lisa Edelson, Sally Fenton, Koren Fisher, Elly Fletcher, Ellen Freiberger, Nyssa Hadgraft, Julie Harvey, Nabeha Hawari, Mahwish Hayee, Catherine Hayes, Trina Hinkley, Wendy Huang, Michelle Kilpatrick, Alison Kirk, Harriet Koorts, Calum Leask, Jungwha Lee, Anne Loyen, Suvi Määttä, Jacqueline Mair, Lauren McMicha, Michelle Mellis, Mary Nicolaou, Catriona O'Dolan, Ellinor Olander, Mark Orme, Camille Perchoux, Richard Pulsford, Amanda Rebar, Ash Routen, Geert Rutten, Paul Sanderson, Hans Savelberg, Carrie Schmitz, Richard Shaw, Lauren Sherar, Kelly Samara Da Silva, Bronwyn Sudholz, Anna Timperio, Robin van Lieshout, Maxine Whelan, Stephen Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation. Methods: A comprehensive concept mapping approach was used to develop the Systems Of Sedentary behaviours (SOS) framework, involving four main phases: (1) preparation, (2) generation of statements, (3) structuring (sorting and ranking), and (4) analysis and interpretation. The first two phases were undertaken between December 2013 and February 2015 by the DEDIPAC KH team (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity Knowledge Hub). The last two phases were completed during a two-day consensus meeting in June 2015. Results: During the first phase, 550 factors regarding sedentary behaviour were listed across three age groups (i.e., youths, adults and older adults), which were reduced to a final list of 190 life course factors in phase 2 used during the consensus meeting. In total, 69 international delegates, seven invited experts and one concept mapping consultant attended the consensus meeting. The final framework obtained during that meeting consisted of six clusters of determinants: Physical Health and Wellbeing (71 % consensus), Social and Cultural Context (59 % consensus), Built and Natural Environment (65 % consensus), Psychology and Behaviour (80 % consensus), Politics and Economics (78 % consensus), and Institutional and Home Settings (78 % consensus). Conducting studies on Institutional Settings was ranked as the first research priority. The view that this framework captures a system-based map of determinants of sedentary behaviour was expressed by 89 % of the participants. Conclusion: Through an international transdisciplinary consensus process, the SOS framework was developed for the determinants of sedentary behaviour through the life course. Investigating the influence of Institutional and Home Settings was deemed to be the most important area of research to focus on at present and potentially the most modifiable. The SOS framework can be used as an important tool to prioritise future research and to develop policies to reduce sedentary time.

LanguageEnglish
Article number83
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2016

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Consensus
Research
Aptitude
Politics
Consultants
Age Groups
Economics
Exercise
Psychology
Diet
Health

Keywords

  • sitting
  • sedentary behaviour
  • concept mapping
  • public health

Cite this

Chastin, Sebastien F M ; De Craemer, Marieke ; Lien, Nanna ; Bernaards, Claire ; Buck, Christoph ; Oppert, Jean-Michel ; Nazare, Julie-Anne ; Lakerveld, Jeroen ; O'Donoghue, Grainne ; Holdsworth, Michelle ; Owen, Neville ; Brug, Johannes ; Cardon, Greet ; Conroy, David ; Healy, Genevieve ; Langøien, Lars Joren ; Reilly, John ; Rutter, Harry ; Salmon, Jo ; Skelton, Dawn ; Abula, Kahaerjiang ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Alshayji, Iqbal ; Arrogi, Anass ; Arundell, Lauren ; Filho, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa ; Brondeel, Ruben ; Bullock, Victoria ; Burns, Jill ; Busschaert, Cedric ; Capranica, Laura ; Chastin, Sebastien ; Condello, Giancarlo ; Crist, Katie ; Dall, Philippa ; De Cocker, Katrien ; De Lepeleere, Sara ; Dontje, Manon ; Duvivier, Bernard ; Edelson, Lisa ; Fenton, Sally ; Fisher, Koren ; Fletcher, Elly ; Freiberger, Ellen ; Hadgraft, Nyssa ; Harvey, Julie ; Hawari, Nabeha ; Hayee, Mahwish ; Hayes, Catherine ; Hinkley, Trina ; Huang, Wendy ; Kilpatrick, Michelle ; Kirk, Alison ; Koorts, Harriet ; Leask, Calum ; Lee, Jungwha ; Loyen, Anne ; Määttä, Suvi ; Mair, Jacqueline ; McMicha, Lauren ; Mellis, Michelle ; Nicolaou, Mary ; O'Dolan, Catriona ; Olander, Ellinor ; Orme, Mark ; Perchoux, Camille ; Pulsford, Richard ; Rebar, Amanda ; Routen, Ash ; Rutten, Geert ; Sanderson, Paul ; Savelberg, Hans ; Schmitz, Carrie ; Shaw, Richard ; Sherar, Lauren ; Da Silva, Kelly Samara ; Sudholz, Bronwyn ; Timperio, Anna ; van Lieshout, Robin ; Whelan, Maxine ; Wong, Stephen. / The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours) : an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: A DEDIPAC-study. In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2016 ; Vol. 13.
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abstract = "Background: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation. Methods: A comprehensive concept mapping approach was used to develop the Systems Of Sedentary behaviours (SOS) framework, involving four main phases: (1) preparation, (2) generation of statements, (3) structuring (sorting and ranking), and (4) analysis and interpretation. The first two phases were undertaken between December 2013 and February 2015 by the DEDIPAC KH team (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity Knowledge Hub). The last two phases were completed during a two-day consensus meeting in June 2015. Results: During the first phase, 550 factors regarding sedentary behaviour were listed across three age groups (i.e., youths, adults and older adults), which were reduced to a final list of 190 life course factors in phase 2 used during the consensus meeting. In total, 69 international delegates, seven invited experts and one concept mapping consultant attended the consensus meeting. The final framework obtained during that meeting consisted of six clusters of determinants: Physical Health and Wellbeing (71 {\%} consensus), Social and Cultural Context (59 {\%} consensus), Built and Natural Environment (65 {\%} consensus), Psychology and Behaviour (80 {\%} consensus), Politics and Economics (78 {\%} consensus), and Institutional and Home Settings (78 {\%} consensus). Conducting studies on Institutional Settings was ranked as the first research priority. The view that this framework captures a system-based map of determinants of sedentary behaviour was expressed by 89 {\%} of the participants. Conclusion: Through an international transdisciplinary consensus process, the SOS framework was developed for the determinants of sedentary behaviour through the life course. Investigating the influence of Institutional and Home Settings was deemed to be the most important area of research to focus on at present and potentially the most modifiable. The SOS framework can be used as an important tool to prioritise future research and to develop policies to reduce sedentary time.",
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Chastin, SFM, De Craemer, M, Lien, N, Bernaards, C, Buck, C, Oppert, J-M, Nazare, J-A, Lakerveld, J, O'Donoghue, G, Holdsworth, M, Owen, N, Brug, J, Cardon, G, Conroy, D, Healy, G, Langøien, LJ, Reilly, J, Rutter, H, Salmon, J, Skelton, D, Abula, K, Ahrens, W, Alshayji, I, Arrogi, A, Arundell, L, Filho, VCB, Brondeel, R, Bullock, V, Burns, J, Busschaert, C, Capranica, L, Chastin, S, Condello, G, Crist, K, Dall, P, De Cocker, K, De Lepeleere, S, Dontje, M, Duvivier, B, Edelson, L, Fenton, S, Fisher, K, Fletcher, E, Freiberger, E, Hadgraft, N, Harvey, J, Hawari, N, Hayee, M, Hayes, C, Hinkley, T, Huang, W, Kilpatrick, M, Kirk, A, Koorts, H, Leask, C, Lee, J, Loyen, A, Määttä, S, Mair, J, McMicha, L, Mellis, M, Nicolaou, M, O'Dolan, C, Olander, E, Orme, M, Perchoux, C, Pulsford, R, Rebar, A, Routen, A, Rutten, G, Sanderson, P, Savelberg, H, Schmitz, C, Shaw, R, Sherar, L, Da Silva, KS, Sudholz, B, Timperio, A, van Lieshout, R, Whelan, M & Wong, S 2016, 'The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours): an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: A DEDIPAC-study' International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 13, 83. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3

The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours) : an international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: A DEDIPAC-study. / Chastin, Sebastien F M; De Craemer, Marieke; Lien, Nanna; Bernaards, Claire; Buck, Christoph; Oppert, Jean-Michel; Nazare, Julie-Anne; Lakerveld, Jeroen; O'Donoghue, Grainne; Holdsworth, Michelle; Owen, Neville; Brug, Johannes; Cardon, Greet; Conroy, David; Healy, Genevieve; Langøien, Lars Joren; Reilly, John; Rutter, Harry; Salmon, Jo; Skelton, Dawn; Abula, Kahaerjiang; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Alshayji, Iqbal; Arrogi, Anass; Arundell, Lauren; Filho, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa; Brondeel, Ruben; Bullock, Victoria; Burns, Jill; Busschaert, Cedric; Capranica, Laura; Chastin, Sebastien; Condello, Giancarlo; Crist, Katie; Dall, Philippa; De Cocker, Katrien; De Lepeleere, Sara; Dontje, Manon; Duvivier, Bernard; Edelson, Lisa; Fenton, Sally; Fisher, Koren; Fletcher, Elly; Freiberger, Ellen; Hadgraft, Nyssa; Harvey, Julie; Hawari, Nabeha; Hayee, Mahwish; Hayes, Catherine; Hinkley, Trina; Huang, Wendy; Kilpatrick, Michelle; Kirk, Alison; Koorts, Harriet; Leask, Calum; Lee, Jungwha; Loyen, Anne; Määttä, Suvi; Mair, Jacqueline; McMicha, Lauren; Mellis, Michelle; Nicolaou, Mary; O'Dolan, Catriona; Olander, Ellinor; Orme, Mark; Perchoux, Camille; Pulsford, Richard; Rebar, Amanda; Routen, Ash; Rutten, Geert; Sanderson, Paul; Savelberg, Hans; Schmitz, Carrie; Shaw, Richard; Sherar, Lauren; Da Silva, Kelly Samara; Sudholz, Bronwyn; Timperio, Anna; van Lieshout, Robin; Whelan, Maxine; Wong, Stephen.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 13, 83, 15.07.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The SOS-framework (systems of sedentary behaviours)

T2 - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

AU - Chastin, Sebastien F M

AU - De Craemer, Marieke

AU - Lien, Nanna

AU - Bernaards, Claire

AU - Buck, Christoph

AU - Oppert, Jean-Michel

AU - Nazare, Julie-Anne

AU - Lakerveld, Jeroen

AU - O'Donoghue, Grainne

AU - Holdsworth, Michelle

AU - Owen, Neville

AU - Brug, Johannes

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - Conroy, David

AU - Healy, Genevieve

AU - Langøien, Lars Joren

AU - Reilly, John

AU - Rutter, Harry

AU - Salmon, Jo

AU - Skelton, Dawn

AU - Abula, Kahaerjiang

AU - Ahrens, Wolfgang

AU - Alshayji, Iqbal

AU - Arrogi, Anass

AU - Arundell, Lauren

AU - Filho, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa

AU - Brondeel, Ruben

AU - Bullock, Victoria

AU - Burns, Jill

AU - Busschaert, Cedric

AU - Capranica, Laura

AU - Chastin, Sebastien

AU - Condello, Giancarlo

AU - Crist, Katie

AU - Dall, Philippa

AU - De Cocker, Katrien

AU - De Lepeleere, Sara

AU - Dontje, Manon

AU - Duvivier, Bernard

AU - Edelson, Lisa

AU - Fenton, Sally

AU - Fisher, Koren

AU - Fletcher, Elly

AU - Freiberger, Ellen

AU - Hadgraft, Nyssa

AU - Harvey, Julie

AU - Hawari, Nabeha

AU - Hayee, Mahwish

AU - Hayes, Catherine

AU - Hinkley, Trina

AU - Huang, Wendy

AU - Kilpatrick, Michelle

AU - Kirk, Alison

AU - Koorts, Harriet

AU - Leask, Calum

AU - Lee, Jungwha

AU - Loyen, Anne

AU - Määttä, Suvi

AU - Mair, Jacqueline

AU - McMicha, Lauren

AU - Mellis, Michelle

AU - Nicolaou, Mary

AU - O'Dolan, Catriona

AU - Olander, Ellinor

AU - Orme, Mark

AU - Perchoux, Camille

AU - Pulsford, Richard

AU - Rebar, Amanda

AU - Routen, Ash

AU - Rutten, Geert

AU - Sanderson, Paul

AU - Savelberg, Hans

AU - Schmitz, Carrie

AU - Shaw, Richard

AU - Sherar, Lauren

AU - Da Silva, Kelly Samara

AU - Sudholz, Bronwyn

AU - Timperio, Anna

AU - van Lieshout, Robin

AU - Whelan, Maxine

AU - Wong, Stephen

PY - 2016/7/15

Y1 - 2016/7/15

N2 - Background: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation. Methods: A comprehensive concept mapping approach was used to develop the Systems Of Sedentary behaviours (SOS) framework, involving four main phases: (1) preparation, (2) generation of statements, (3) structuring (sorting and ranking), and (4) analysis and interpretation. The first two phases were undertaken between December 2013 and February 2015 by the DEDIPAC KH team (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity Knowledge Hub). The last two phases were completed during a two-day consensus meeting in June 2015. Results: During the first phase, 550 factors regarding sedentary behaviour were listed across three age groups (i.e., youths, adults and older adults), which were reduced to a final list of 190 life course factors in phase 2 used during the consensus meeting. In total, 69 international delegates, seven invited experts and one concept mapping consultant attended the consensus meeting. The final framework obtained during that meeting consisted of six clusters of determinants: Physical Health and Wellbeing (71 % consensus), Social and Cultural Context (59 % consensus), Built and Natural Environment (65 % consensus), Psychology and Behaviour (80 % consensus), Politics and Economics (78 % consensus), and Institutional and Home Settings (78 % consensus). Conducting studies on Institutional Settings was ranked as the first research priority. The view that this framework captures a system-based map of determinants of sedentary behaviour was expressed by 89 % of the participants. Conclusion: Through an international transdisciplinary consensus process, the SOS framework was developed for the determinants of sedentary behaviour through the life course. Investigating the influence of Institutional and Home Settings was deemed to be the most important area of research to focus on at present and potentially the most modifiable. The SOS framework can be used as an important tool to prioritise future research and to develop policies to reduce sedentary time.

AB - Background: Ecological models are currently the most used approaches to classify and conceptualise determinants of sedentary behaviour, but these approaches are limited in their ability to capture the complexity of and interplay between determinants. The aim of the project described here was to develop a transdisciplinary dynamic framework, grounded in a system-based approach, for research on determinants of sedentary behaviour across the life span and intervention and policy planning and evaluation. Methods: A comprehensive concept mapping approach was used to develop the Systems Of Sedentary behaviours (SOS) framework, involving four main phases: (1) preparation, (2) generation of statements, (3) structuring (sorting and ranking), and (4) analysis and interpretation. The first two phases were undertaken between December 2013 and February 2015 by the DEDIPAC KH team (DEterminants of DIet and Physical Activity Knowledge Hub). The last two phases were completed during a two-day consensus meeting in June 2015. Results: During the first phase, 550 factors regarding sedentary behaviour were listed across three age groups (i.e., youths, adults and older adults), which were reduced to a final list of 190 life course factors in phase 2 used during the consensus meeting. In total, 69 international delegates, seven invited experts and one concept mapping consultant attended the consensus meeting. The final framework obtained during that meeting consisted of six clusters of determinants: Physical Health and Wellbeing (71 % consensus), Social and Cultural Context (59 % consensus), Built and Natural Environment (65 % consensus), Psychology and Behaviour (80 % consensus), Politics and Economics (78 % consensus), and Institutional and Home Settings (78 % consensus). Conducting studies on Institutional Settings was ranked as the first research priority. The view that this framework captures a system-based map of determinants of sedentary behaviour was expressed by 89 % of the participants. Conclusion: Through an international transdisciplinary consensus process, the SOS framework was developed for the determinants of sedentary behaviour through the life course. Investigating the influence of Institutional and Home Settings was deemed to be the most important area of research to focus on at present and potentially the most modifiable. The SOS framework can be used as an important tool to prioritise future research and to develop policies to reduce sedentary time.

KW - sitting

KW - sedentary behaviour

KW - concept mapping

KW - public health

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UR - http://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3

U2 - 10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3

DO - 10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3

M3 - Article

VL - 13

JO - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

JF - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

SN - 1479-5868

M1 - 83

ER -