The role of cognitive appraisals in the relationship between peer-victimisation and adjustment: a longitudinal study

Research output: Contribution to conferenceSpeech

Abstract

Introduction: Peer-victimisation is a frequent experience for many adolescents, and is related to poor adjustment in the short- and long-term (e.g. Reijntjes et al., 2010, 2011). Evidence suggests that primary appraisals (e.g. the evaluation of the event as controllable, feeling threatened) and secondary appraisals (e.g. perceived social support) may play a role in the relationship between peer victimization and adjustment (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984; Noret, Hunter, & Rasmussen, 2018). Research to date has tended to test primary and secondary appraisals separately, employing cross-sectional designs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test whether primary appraisals mediate, and secondary appraisals moderate, the longitudinal relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology. Methods:Data are being collected over three time points during Autumn of the academic year 2018-19 from pupils aged 11 to 14 years. A questionnaire assesses: experiences of peer-victimisation, cognitive appraisals of threat, control, challenge, blame and perceived social support, and depressive symptomology. Result:Data will be analysed according to a pre-registered data analysis plan, using a cross-lagged panel analysis. Cross-lagged relationships between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be reported, alongside any mediating role for primary appraisals and any moderating role of perceived social support. Discussion:The findings of the study will be discussed in the context of the Transactional Model of Stress (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). Implications for our understanding of the relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be discussed, alongside implications for intervention programmes.

Conference

ConferenceWorld Anti-Bullying Forum 2019
CountryIreland
CityDublin
Period4/06/196/06/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
Crime Victims
Longitudinal Studies
Social Support
Pupil
Emotions
Research

Keywords

  • appraisal
  • bullying
  • peer-victimisation
  • peer-victimization
  • social support
  • depression

Cite this

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title = "The role of cognitive appraisals in the relationship between peer-victimisation and adjustment: a longitudinal study",
abstract = "Introduction: Peer-victimisation is a frequent experience for many adolescents, and is related to poor adjustment in the short- and long-term (e.g. Reijntjes et al., 2010, 2011). Evidence suggests that primary appraisals (e.g. the evaluation of the event as controllable, feeling threatened) and secondary appraisals (e.g. perceived social support) may play a role in the relationship between peer victimization and adjustment (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984; Noret, Hunter, & Rasmussen, 2018). Research to date has tended to test primary and secondary appraisals separately, employing cross-sectional designs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test whether primary appraisals mediate, and secondary appraisals moderate, the longitudinal relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology. Methods:Data are being collected over three time points during Autumn of the academic year 2018-19 from pupils aged 11 to 14 years. A questionnaire assesses: experiences of peer-victimisation, cognitive appraisals of threat, control, challenge, blame and perceived social support, and depressive symptomology. Result:Data will be analysed according to a pre-registered data analysis plan, using a cross-lagged panel analysis. Cross-lagged relationships between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be reported, alongside any mediating role for primary appraisals and any moderating role of perceived social support. Discussion:The findings of the study will be discussed in the context of the Transactional Model of Stress (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). Implications for our understanding of the relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be discussed, alongside implications for intervention programmes.",
keywords = "appraisal, bullying, peer-victimisation, peer-victimization, social support, depression",
author = "Nathalie Noret and Hunter, {Simon C.} and Susan Rasmussen",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "4",
language = "English",
note = "World Anti-Bullying Forum 2019 ; Conference date: 04-06-2019 Through 06-06-2019",
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The role of cognitive appraisals in the relationship between peer-victimisation and adjustment : a longitudinal study. / Noret, Nathalie; Hunter, Simon C.; Rasmussen, Susan.

2019. World Anti-Bullying Forum 2019, Dublin, Ireland.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceSpeech

TY - CONF

T1 - The role of cognitive appraisals in the relationship between peer-victimisation and adjustment

T2 - a longitudinal study

AU - Noret, Nathalie

AU - Hunter, Simon C.

AU - Rasmussen, Susan

PY - 2019/6/4

Y1 - 2019/6/4

N2 - Introduction: Peer-victimisation is a frequent experience for many adolescents, and is related to poor adjustment in the short- and long-term (e.g. Reijntjes et al., 2010, 2011). Evidence suggests that primary appraisals (e.g. the evaluation of the event as controllable, feeling threatened) and secondary appraisals (e.g. perceived social support) may play a role in the relationship between peer victimization and adjustment (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984; Noret, Hunter, & Rasmussen, 2018). Research to date has tended to test primary and secondary appraisals separately, employing cross-sectional designs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test whether primary appraisals mediate, and secondary appraisals moderate, the longitudinal relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology. Methods:Data are being collected over three time points during Autumn of the academic year 2018-19 from pupils aged 11 to 14 years. A questionnaire assesses: experiences of peer-victimisation, cognitive appraisals of threat, control, challenge, blame and perceived social support, and depressive symptomology. Result:Data will be analysed according to a pre-registered data analysis plan, using a cross-lagged panel analysis. Cross-lagged relationships between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be reported, alongside any mediating role for primary appraisals and any moderating role of perceived social support. Discussion:The findings of the study will be discussed in the context of the Transactional Model of Stress (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). Implications for our understanding of the relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be discussed, alongside implications for intervention programmes.

AB - Introduction: Peer-victimisation is a frequent experience for many adolescents, and is related to poor adjustment in the short- and long-term (e.g. Reijntjes et al., 2010, 2011). Evidence suggests that primary appraisals (e.g. the evaluation of the event as controllable, feeling threatened) and secondary appraisals (e.g. perceived social support) may play a role in the relationship between peer victimization and adjustment (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984; Noret, Hunter, & Rasmussen, 2018). Research to date has tended to test primary and secondary appraisals separately, employing cross-sectional designs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test whether primary appraisals mediate, and secondary appraisals moderate, the longitudinal relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology. Methods:Data are being collected over three time points during Autumn of the academic year 2018-19 from pupils aged 11 to 14 years. A questionnaire assesses: experiences of peer-victimisation, cognitive appraisals of threat, control, challenge, blame and perceived social support, and depressive symptomology. Result:Data will be analysed according to a pre-registered data analysis plan, using a cross-lagged panel analysis. Cross-lagged relationships between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be reported, alongside any mediating role for primary appraisals and any moderating role of perceived social support. Discussion:The findings of the study will be discussed in the context of the Transactional Model of Stress (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). Implications for our understanding of the relationship between peer-victimisation and depressive symptomology will be discussed, alongside implications for intervention programmes.

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KW - bullying

KW - peer-victimisation

KW - peer-victimization

KW - social support

KW - depression

M3 - Speech

ER -