The role of clustering, cooperation and complementarities in the visitor attraction sector

A. Weidenfeld, R. Butler, A. W. Williams

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    40 Citations (Scopus)


    Cooperation and complementarity are important but understudied components of tourism clusters, in general, and of the tourist attraction sector, in particular. This paper addresses product similarities, in general, and thematic similarity, in particular, in the context of spatial proximity and clustering among tourist attractions. These relationships are examined by exploring cooperation between tourist attractions in two tourism clusters in Cornwall, UK. Interviews with attraction managers and other key informants, and case studies, reveal that tourist attractions have established cooperative–complementary relationships of production based on external economies at both the local and the regional scales. Differences between the two clusters in terms of interviewees' perceptions of the relationships between factors indicate the importance of understanding the specific features of individual clusters.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)595-629
    Number of pages35
    JournalCurrent Issues in Tourism
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2011


    • economies
    • collaboration
    • innovation
    • regional tourism
    • complementarities
    • districts
    • industrial clusters
    • tourism clusters
    • knowledge
    • networks
    • experience
    • impacts
    • tourist attractions
    • competition


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