The resistance of a trans-critically accelerating ship in shallow water

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The acceleration resistance of a vessel advancing in shallow water is investigated. Four acceleration intensities and two water depths are modelled using CFD and potential flow methods. The results show a pronounced peak in resistance exists near the critical depth Froude number, but its location and magnitude are sensitive to the acceleration intensity and water depth. Excellent agreement between the results obtained from CFD and potential flow methods is found in the low and high depth Froude number ranges regardless of water depth or acceleration, indicating that linear and unsteady methods can provide robust results at a low cost in those ranges. The magnitude of the resistance peak and its position are sensitive to nonlinear effects, evidenced by slight disagreements between the two adopted methodologies. The variation in results produced by the two solvers is found to be sensitive to the parameters investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalShip Technology Research
Early online date13 Sept 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Sept 2023


  • ship resistance
  • potential flow
  • shallow water
  • acceleration


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