The relative influence of neighbourhood incivilities, cognitive social capital, club membership and individual characteristics on positive mental health

R. Jones, Derek Heim, Simon C. Hunter, A. Ellaway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Previous research indicates that residents’ perceptions of their neighbourhoods can have an adverse influence on their health and wellbeing over and above the influence of structural disadvantage. Contrary to most prior research, this study employed an indicator of positive wellbeing and assessed the impact of individual characteristics, perceived social and environmental incivilities, indicators of cognitive and structural social capital, and perceived safety. Analyses of data from a large regional UK representative study (n=8237; 69.64% response rate), obtained using computer assisted software in the respondents’ own homes, found the most influential determinants of wellbeing were physical health problems, age, SES and cognitive social capital. This suggests that the promotion of positive mental health within communities may benefit from efforts to foster a greater sense of belonging among residents. Environmental and social incivilities also appear to play a role in shaping wellbeing, thus interventions to improve local environments can help to play a part.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalHealth and Place
Volume18
Early online date7 Jun 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • influence
  • neighbourhood incivilities
  • individual characteristics
  • positive mental health
  • cognitive social capital
  • club membership

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