The power-capture of a nearshore, modular, flap-type wave energy converter in regular waves

L. Wilkinson, T.J.T. Whittaker, P.R. Thies, A. Day, D. Ingram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bottom-hinged, nearshore flap-type wave energy converters (WECs), have several advantages, such as high power conversion efficiency and survivability. They typically comprise a single flap spanning their full width. However, a potentially beneficial design change would be to split the flap into multiple modules, to make a ‘Modular Flap’. This could provide improvements, such as increased power-capture, reduced foundation loads and lower manufacturing and installation costs. Assessed in this work is the hydrodynamic power-capture of this device, based on physical modelling. Comparisons are made to an equivalent ‘Rigid Flap’. Tests are conducted in regular, head-on and off-angle waves. The simplest control strategy, of damping each module equally, is employed.

The results show that, for head-on waves, the power increases towards the centre of the device, with the central modules generating 68% of the total power. Phase differences are also present. Consequently, the total power produced by the Modular Flap is, on average, 23% more smooth than that generated by the Rigid Flap.

The Modular Flap has 3% and 1% lower average power-capture than the Rigid Flap in head-on and off-angle waves, respectively. The advantages of the modular concept may therefore be exploited without significantly compromising the power-capture of the flap-type WEC.
LanguageEnglish
Pages394-403
Number of pages10
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume137
Early online date21 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

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Flaps
Conversion efficiency
Hydrodynamics
Damping

Keywords

  • wave energy converter
  • power
  • modular flap

Cite this

Wilkinson, L. ; Whittaker, T.J.T. ; Thies, P.R. ; Day, A. ; Ingram, D. / The power-capture of a nearshore, modular, flap-type wave energy converter in regular waves. In: Ocean Engineering. 2017 ; Vol. 137. pp. 394-403.
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The power-capture of a nearshore, modular, flap-type wave energy converter in regular waves. / Wilkinson, L.; Whittaker, T.J.T.; Thies, P.R.; Day, A.; Ingram, D.

In: Ocean Engineering, Vol. 137, 01.06.2017, p. 394-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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