The pornography debates: beyond cause and effect

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54 Citations (Scopus)


This article examines the limitations of the effects model for feminist anti-pornography work. As a contribution to the on-going debate about the nature of pornography and its relationship to violence against women, this article aims firstly to identify why traditional effects research, which attempts to establish a causal relationship between pornography and violent behaviour, is a dubious ally for anti-pornography feminism. Secondly, the enduring implications of the effects model for feminist anti-pornography politics are explored. It is argued that anti-pornography feminists need to reject the effects model and return to the crucial question of how some pornographies are produced and consumed in ways that are abusive to women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-195
Number of pages9
JournalWomen's Studies International Forum
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2000


  • anti-pornography feminism
  • pornography
  • effects research
  • violence


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