The piston effect as a means to measure near-critical bulk viscosity

P. Carles, K. Dadzie, F. Zhong

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Fluids close to their liquid-vapour critical point exhibit peculiar properties which
have strong consequences on their hydrodynamics. Considerable experimental work has been conducted to measure the divergence of near-critical fluid’s properties close to the critical point. But owing to their peculiar hydrodynamics, some of these quantities have proved difficult to access. One way out of this limitation has been the use of microgravity experiments, in which the effects of gravity could be suppressed. But even in the absence of gravity, near-critical fluids are subjected to very strong dynamical phenomena. In particular, it has been observed that the heat transfer in fluids near the liquid-vapour critical point is governed not only by diffusion, convection and radiation, but also by a thermo-mechanical coupling called the Piston Effect, discovered in the early 90s.
Among the least known properties close to the critical point is the bulk viscosity,
which is expected to exhibit a very strong critical divergence. Despite this divergence, most existing theoretical models of the Piston Effect are based on non-viscous equations. Using equations recently developed for the hydrodynamics of viscous nearcritical fluids, we propose a new indirect way of measuring bulk viscosity close to the critical point. This method is based on the use of a carefully monitored Piston Effect, acting as a probe and triggering a dynamic response in which the signature of bulk viscosity can be measured.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

pistons
critical point
viscosity
divergence
fluids
hydrodynamics
vapors
gravitation
viscous fluids
liquids
microgravity
dynamic response
convection
heat transfer
signatures
probes
radiation

Keywords

  • viscosity
  • pistons
  • piston effect

Cite this

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abstract = "Fluids close to their liquid-vapour critical point exhibit peculiar properties whichhave strong consequences on their hydrodynamics. Considerable experimental work has been conducted to measure the divergence of near-critical fluid’s properties close to the critical point. But owing to their peculiar hydrodynamics, some of these quantities have proved difficult to access. One way out of this limitation has been the use of microgravity experiments, in which the effects of gravity could be suppressed. But even in the absence of gravity, near-critical fluids are subjected to very strong dynamical phenomena. In particular, it has been observed that the heat transfer in fluids near the liquid-vapour critical point is governed not only by diffusion, convection and radiation, but also by a thermo-mechanical coupling called the Piston Effect, discovered in the early 90s.Among the least known properties close to the critical point is the bulk viscosity,which is expected to exhibit a very strong critical divergence. Despite this divergence, most existing theoretical models of the Piston Effect are based on non-viscous equations. Using equations recently developed for the hydrodynamics of viscous nearcritical fluids, we propose a new indirect way of measuring bulk viscosity close to the critical point. This method is based on the use of a carefully monitored Piston Effect, acting as a probe and triggering a dynamic response in which the signature of bulk viscosity can be measured.",
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The piston effect as a means to measure near-critical bulk viscosity. / Carles, P.; Dadzie, K.; Zhong, F.

2003.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - The piston effect as a means to measure near-critical bulk viscosity

AU - Carles, P.

AU - Dadzie, K.

AU - Zhong, F.

PY - 2003/6

Y1 - 2003/6

N2 - Fluids close to their liquid-vapour critical point exhibit peculiar properties whichhave strong consequences on their hydrodynamics. Considerable experimental work has been conducted to measure the divergence of near-critical fluid’s properties close to the critical point. But owing to their peculiar hydrodynamics, some of these quantities have proved difficult to access. One way out of this limitation has been the use of microgravity experiments, in which the effects of gravity could be suppressed. But even in the absence of gravity, near-critical fluids are subjected to very strong dynamical phenomena. In particular, it has been observed that the heat transfer in fluids near the liquid-vapour critical point is governed not only by diffusion, convection and radiation, but also by a thermo-mechanical coupling called the Piston Effect, discovered in the early 90s.Among the least known properties close to the critical point is the bulk viscosity,which is expected to exhibit a very strong critical divergence. Despite this divergence, most existing theoretical models of the Piston Effect are based on non-viscous equations. Using equations recently developed for the hydrodynamics of viscous nearcritical fluids, we propose a new indirect way of measuring bulk viscosity close to the critical point. This method is based on the use of a carefully monitored Piston Effect, acting as a probe and triggering a dynamic response in which the signature of bulk viscosity can be measured.

AB - Fluids close to their liquid-vapour critical point exhibit peculiar properties whichhave strong consequences on their hydrodynamics. Considerable experimental work has been conducted to measure the divergence of near-critical fluid’s properties close to the critical point. But owing to their peculiar hydrodynamics, some of these quantities have proved difficult to access. One way out of this limitation has been the use of microgravity experiments, in which the effects of gravity could be suppressed. But even in the absence of gravity, near-critical fluids are subjected to very strong dynamical phenomena. In particular, it has been observed that the heat transfer in fluids near the liquid-vapour critical point is governed not only by diffusion, convection and radiation, but also by a thermo-mechanical coupling called the Piston Effect, discovered in the early 90s.Among the least known properties close to the critical point is the bulk viscosity,which is expected to exhibit a very strong critical divergence. Despite this divergence, most existing theoretical models of the Piston Effect are based on non-viscous equations. Using equations recently developed for the hydrodynamics of viscous nearcritical fluids, we propose a new indirect way of measuring bulk viscosity close to the critical point. This method is based on the use of a carefully monitored Piston Effect, acting as a probe and triggering a dynamic response in which the signature of bulk viscosity can be measured.

KW - viscosity

KW - pistons

KW - piston effect

UR - http://symp15.nist.gov/pdf/p174.pdf

M3 - Paper

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