The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems

Pamela Anderson

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

Abstract

The increasing interest from the science community to obtain greater quality and quantity of data from Earth and other planets in the Solar System drives research towards developing new means of performing space-based observation. This thesis attempts to address some aspects of this issue by developing novel spacecraft orbits to enhance the opportunities for remote sensing of Earth and the inner planets.
Within this thesis, particular emphasis is placed on investigation of a system that can overcome the critical data deficit for the high-latitude regions of the Earth. These newly proposed highly-elliptical orbits are termed Taranis orbits (Celtic God of thunder) and can offer completion of the Global Observing System using fewer spacecraft and to higher resolution than any other proposed system. Various low-thrust propulsion technologies are considered to enable the Taranis orbits, with electric propulsion found to be the most beneficial following mission analysis. Design of constellations for high-latitude remote sensing is also conducted which highlights both 12 and 16 h orbits to meet the defined requirements of a polar orbiting mission.
Similar methods are also used to develop elliptical sun-synchronous orbits at Earth and novel orbits around Mars, Mercury and Venus to enable new and unique investigations.
LanguageEnglish
QualificationPhD
Awarding Institution
  • Mechanical And Aerospace Engineering
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Macdonald, Malcolm, Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date17 Jul 2013
Publisher
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Orbits
orbits
orbitals
theses
Earth (planet)
spacecraft
planet
polar regions
remote sensing
planets
low thrust propulsion
Planets
spacecraft orbits
electric propulsion
elliptical orbits
Venus
Spacecraft
Remote sensing
Earth orbits
solar system

Keywords

  • orbital dynamics
  • planetary observation
  • polar orbit
  • remote sensing

Cite this

Anderson, P. (2013). The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems. University of Strathclyde.
Anderson, Pamela. / The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems. University of Strathclyde, 2013. 273 p.
@phdthesis{1b8a6b1616c8440b81329bfd782a7685,
title = "The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems",
abstract = "The increasing interest from the science community to obtain greater quality and quantity of data from Earth and other planets in the Solar System drives research towards developing new means of performing space-based observation. This thesis attempts to address some aspects of this issue by developing novel spacecraft orbits to enhance the opportunities for remote sensing of Earth and the inner planets.Within this thesis, particular emphasis is placed on investigation of a system that can overcome the critical data deficit for the high-latitude regions of the Earth. These newly proposed highly-elliptical orbits are termed Taranis orbits (Celtic God of thunder) and can offer completion of the Global Observing System using fewer spacecraft and to higher resolution than any other proposed system. Various low-thrust propulsion technologies are considered to enable the Taranis orbits, with electric propulsion found to be the most beneficial following mission analysis. Design of constellations for high-latitude remote sensing is also conducted which highlights both 12 and 16 h orbits to meet the defined requirements of a polar orbiting mission.Similar methods are also used to develop elliptical sun-synchronous orbits at Earth and novel orbits around Mars, Mercury and Venus to enable new and unique investigations.",
keywords = "orbital dynamics, planetary observation, polar orbit, remote sensing",
author = "Pamela Anderson",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
publisher = "University of Strathclyde",
school = "Mechanical And Aerospace Engineering",

}

Anderson, P 2013, 'The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems', PhD, Mechanical And Aerospace Engineering.

The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems. / Anderson, Pamela.

University of Strathclyde, 2013. 273 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

TY - THES

T1 - The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems

AU - Anderson, Pamela

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The increasing interest from the science community to obtain greater quality and quantity of data from Earth and other planets in the Solar System drives research towards developing new means of performing space-based observation. This thesis attempts to address some aspects of this issue by developing novel spacecraft orbits to enhance the opportunities for remote sensing of Earth and the inner planets.Within this thesis, particular emphasis is placed on investigation of a system that can overcome the critical data deficit for the high-latitude regions of the Earth. These newly proposed highly-elliptical orbits are termed Taranis orbits (Celtic God of thunder) and can offer completion of the Global Observing System using fewer spacecraft and to higher resolution than any other proposed system. Various low-thrust propulsion technologies are considered to enable the Taranis orbits, with electric propulsion found to be the most beneficial following mission analysis. Design of constellations for high-latitude remote sensing is also conducted which highlights both 12 and 16 h orbits to meet the defined requirements of a polar orbiting mission.Similar methods are also used to develop elliptical sun-synchronous orbits at Earth and novel orbits around Mars, Mercury and Venus to enable new and unique investigations.

AB - The increasing interest from the science community to obtain greater quality and quantity of data from Earth and other planets in the Solar System drives research towards developing new means of performing space-based observation. This thesis attempts to address some aspects of this issue by developing novel spacecraft orbits to enhance the opportunities for remote sensing of Earth and the inner planets.Within this thesis, particular emphasis is placed on investigation of a system that can overcome the critical data deficit for the high-latitude regions of the Earth. These newly proposed highly-elliptical orbits are termed Taranis orbits (Celtic God of thunder) and can offer completion of the Global Observing System using fewer spacecraft and to higher resolution than any other proposed system. Various low-thrust propulsion technologies are considered to enable the Taranis orbits, with electric propulsion found to be the most beneficial following mission analysis. Design of constellations for high-latitude remote sensing is also conducted which highlights both 12 and 16 h orbits to meet the defined requirements of a polar orbiting mission.Similar methods are also used to develop elliptical sun-synchronous orbits at Earth and novel orbits around Mars, Mercury and Venus to enable new and unique investigations.

KW - orbital dynamics

KW - planetary observation

KW - polar orbit

KW - remote sensing

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

PB - University of Strathclyde

ER -

Anderson P. The Orbital Dynamics of Advanced Planetary Observation Systems. University of Strathclyde, 2013. 273 p.