The nucleation of normal-eicosane crystals from solution in normal-dodecane in the presence of homologous impurities

K.J. Roberts, J.N. Sherwood, A. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies have been made of the nucleation of crystals of n-eicosane from solutions in n-dodecane both in the pure state and in the presence of the neighbouring homologues; n-octadecane, n-nonadecane, n-heneicosane and n-docosane. Impurity incorporation studies yielded distribution coefficients, λ 1 in the early stages of precipitation decreasing to λ 1 in the growth stage. This high degree of incorporation in the early stages implies that the homologues should play a significant part in the nucleation process. This conclusion is confirmed by nucleation studies which show that the addition of the homologous impurities yields an increase in the width of the metastable zone and in the evaluated surface free energy of the resulting solid. The higher molecular weight homologues yield a greater effect than the lower molecular weight homologues. The homologues are thus defined as efficient nucleation inhibitors. The characteristics of the product crystals are in accord with this interpretation.
LanguageEnglish
Pages419-426
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1990

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Nucleation
nucleation
Impurities
impurities
Crystals
crystals
Molecular weight
low molecular weights
inhibitors
Free energy
molecular weight
free energy
eicosane
n-dodecane
coefficients
products

Keywords

  • nucleation of crystals
  • n-eicosane
  • n-dodecane
  • pure state
  • homologues
  • n-octadecane
  • n-nonadecane
  • n-heneicosane
  • n-docosane
  • distribution coefficients

Cite this

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title = "The nucleation of normal-eicosane crystals from solution in normal-dodecane in the presence of homologous impurities",
abstract = "Studies have been made of the nucleation of crystals of n-eicosane from solutions in n-dodecane both in the pure state and in the presence of the neighbouring homologues; n-octadecane, n-nonadecane, n-heneicosane and n-docosane. Impurity incorporation studies yielded distribution coefficients, λ 1 in the early stages of precipitation decreasing to λ 1 in the growth stage. This high degree of incorporation in the early stages implies that the homologues should play a significant part in the nucleation process. This conclusion is confirmed by nucleation studies which show that the addition of the homologous impurities yields an increase in the width of the metastable zone and in the evaluated surface free energy of the resulting solid. The higher molecular weight homologues yield a greater effect than the lower molecular weight homologues. The homologues are thus defined as efficient nucleation inhibitors. The characteristics of the product crystals are in accord with this interpretation.",
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author = "K.J. Roberts and J.N. Sherwood and A. Stewart",
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The nucleation of normal-eicosane crystals from solution in normal-dodecane in the presence of homologous impurities. / Roberts, K.J.; Sherwood, J.N.; Stewart, A.

In: Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 102, No. 3, 05.1990, p. 419-426.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The nucleation of normal-eicosane crystals from solution in normal-dodecane in the presence of homologous impurities

AU - Roberts, K.J.

AU - Sherwood, J.N.

AU - Stewart, A.

PY - 1990/5

Y1 - 1990/5

N2 - Studies have been made of the nucleation of crystals of n-eicosane from solutions in n-dodecane both in the pure state and in the presence of the neighbouring homologues; n-octadecane, n-nonadecane, n-heneicosane and n-docosane. Impurity incorporation studies yielded distribution coefficients, λ 1 in the early stages of precipitation decreasing to λ 1 in the growth stage. This high degree of incorporation in the early stages implies that the homologues should play a significant part in the nucleation process. This conclusion is confirmed by nucleation studies which show that the addition of the homologous impurities yields an increase in the width of the metastable zone and in the evaluated surface free energy of the resulting solid. The higher molecular weight homologues yield a greater effect than the lower molecular weight homologues. The homologues are thus defined as efficient nucleation inhibitors. The characteristics of the product crystals are in accord with this interpretation.

AB - Studies have been made of the nucleation of crystals of n-eicosane from solutions in n-dodecane both in the pure state and in the presence of the neighbouring homologues; n-octadecane, n-nonadecane, n-heneicosane and n-docosane. Impurity incorporation studies yielded distribution coefficients, λ 1 in the early stages of precipitation decreasing to λ 1 in the growth stage. This high degree of incorporation in the early stages implies that the homologues should play a significant part in the nucleation process. This conclusion is confirmed by nucleation studies which show that the addition of the homologous impurities yields an increase in the width of the metastable zone and in the evaluated surface free energy of the resulting solid. The higher molecular weight homologues yield a greater effect than the lower molecular weight homologues. The homologues are thus defined as efficient nucleation inhibitors. The characteristics of the product crystals are in accord with this interpretation.

KW - nucleation of crystals

KW - n-eicosane

KW - n-dodecane

KW - pure state

KW - homologues

KW - n-octadecane

KW - n-nonadecane

KW - n-heneicosane

KW - n-docosane

KW - distribution coefficients

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0248(90)90400-F

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