The North Atlantic Ocean as habitat for Calanus finmarchicus: environmental factors and life history traits

Webjorn Melle, Jeffrey Runge, Erica Head, Stephane Plourde, Claudia Castellani, Priscilla Licandro, James Pierson, Sigrun Jonasdottir, Catherine Johnson, Cecile Broms, Hogni Debes, Tone Falkenhaug, Eilif Gaard, Astthor Gislason, Michael Heath, Barbara Niehoff, Torkel Gissel Nielsen, Pierre Pepin, Erling Kaare Steinevik, Guillern Chust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper addresses relationships between the distribution and abundance of zooplankton and its habitat in the northern North Atlantic Ocean. Distributions of ten representative zooplankton taxa, from recent (2000-2009) Continuous Plankton Recorder data, are presented, along with basin-scale patterns of annual sea surface temperature and phytoplankton color. The distribution patterns represent the manifestation of very different physiological, life history and ecological interactions of each taxon with the North Atlantic habitat characteristics. The paper then focuses on a pan-Atlantic compilation of demographic and life history information for the planktonic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus, perhaps one of the most ecologically important and certainly the most studied zooplankton species in the North Atlantic. Abundance, dormancy, egg production and mortality in relation to temperature and phytoplankton biomass, using chlorophyll a as a proxy, are analyzed in the context of understanding factors involved in determining the distribution and abundance of C. finmarchicus across its range. Several themes emerge: (1) transport of C. finmarchicus is from the south to the north in the northeast Atlantic, but from the north to the south in the western North Atlantic, which has implications for understanding population responses to climate forcing on coastal shelves, , (2) recruitment to the youngest copepodite stages occurs during or just after the phytoplankton bloom in the east while it occurs after the bloom in many western sites, (3) while the deep basins in the Labrador Sea and Norwegian Sea are primary sources of C. finmarchicus production, the western North Atlantic marginal seas have an important role in sustaining high C. finmarchicus abundance on the western North Atlantic shelves, (4) differences in mean temperature and chlorophyll concentration between the western and eastern North Atlantic are reflected in regional differences in female body size and egg production responses, (5) differences in functional responses in egg production rate may reflect genetic differences between western and eastern populations, (6) dormancy duration is generally shorter in the deep waters adjacent to the lower latitude western North Atlantic shelves than in the east, and (7) differences in stage-specific mortality rates are related to bathymetry, temperature and potential predators, notably the abundance of congeners Calanus hyperboreus and C. glacialis, which likely feed on early life stages of C. finmarchicus. Two modeling approaches have previously been used to interpret the abundance and distribution of C. finmarchicus in relation to the North Atlantic habitat. A statistical approach based on ecological niche theory and a dynamical modeling approach, based on knowledge of spatial population dynamics and life history and implemented by recent developments in coupled physical-life cycle modeling. The strengths and weaknesses of each approach are discussed. A synthesis of the two modeling approaches to predict North Atlantic zooplankton species shifts, not only for C. finmarchicus, but also for other major taxa, is advocated. While the computational resource requirements and lack of species-specific life history information for physical-biological modeling hinder full application for many zooplankton taxa, use of the approach, where possible, to understand advective influences will provide insight for interpretation of statistical predictions from species distribution models.
LanguageEnglish
Pages244–284
Number of pages41
JournalProgress in Oceanography
Volume129B
Early online date29 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014

Fingerprint

Calanus finmarchicus
life history trait
Atlantic Ocean
environmental factor
life history
zooplankton
environmental factors
habitat
egg production
habitats
modeling
phytoplankton
dormancy
algal bloom
mortality
demographic history
marginal sea
climate forcing
functional response
temperature

Keywords

  • North Atlantic zooplankton
  • marine research
  • environmental statistics

Cite this

Melle, W., Runge, J., Head, E., Plourde, S., Castellani, C., Licandro, P., ... Chust, G. (2014). The North Atlantic Ocean as habitat for Calanus finmarchicus: environmental factors and life history traits. Progress in Oceanography, 129B, 244–284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.026
Melle, Webjorn ; Runge, Jeffrey ; Head, Erica ; Plourde, Stephane ; Castellani, Claudia ; Licandro, Priscilla ; Pierson, James ; Jonasdottir, Sigrun ; Johnson, Catherine ; Broms, Cecile ; Debes, Hogni ; Falkenhaug, Tone ; Gaard, Eilif ; Gislason, Astthor ; Heath, Michael ; Niehoff, Barbara ; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel ; Pepin, Pierre ; Steinevik, Erling Kaare ; Chust, Guillern. / The North Atlantic Ocean as habitat for Calanus finmarchicus : environmental factors and life history traits. In: Progress in Oceanography. 2014 ; Vol. 129B. pp. 244–284.
@article{21c099f64d9b4ff2aad4c6b12d646c37,
title = "The North Atlantic Ocean as habitat for Calanus finmarchicus: environmental factors and life history traits",
abstract = "This paper addresses relationships between the distribution and abundance of zooplankton and its habitat in the northern North Atlantic Ocean. Distributions of ten representative zooplankton taxa, from recent (2000-2009) Continuous Plankton Recorder data, are presented, along with basin-scale patterns of annual sea surface temperature and phytoplankton color. The distribution patterns represent the manifestation of very different physiological, life history and ecological interactions of each taxon with the North Atlantic habitat characteristics. The paper then focuses on a pan-Atlantic compilation of demographic and life history information for the planktonic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus, perhaps one of the most ecologically important and certainly the most studied zooplankton species in the North Atlantic. Abundance, dormancy, egg production and mortality in relation to temperature and phytoplankton biomass, using chlorophyll a as a proxy, are analyzed in the context of understanding factors involved in determining the distribution and abundance of C. finmarchicus across its range. Several themes emerge: (1) transport of C. finmarchicus is from the south to the north in the northeast Atlantic, but from the north to the south in the western North Atlantic, which has implications for understanding population responses to climate forcing on coastal shelves, , (2) recruitment to the youngest copepodite stages occurs during or just after the phytoplankton bloom in the east while it occurs after the bloom in many western sites, (3) while the deep basins in the Labrador Sea and Norwegian Sea are primary sources of C. finmarchicus production, the western North Atlantic marginal seas have an important role in sustaining high C. finmarchicus abundance on the western North Atlantic shelves, (4) differences in mean temperature and chlorophyll concentration between the western and eastern North Atlantic are reflected in regional differences in female body size and egg production responses, (5) differences in functional responses in egg production rate may reflect genetic differences between western and eastern populations, (6) dormancy duration is generally shorter in the deep waters adjacent to the lower latitude western North Atlantic shelves than in the east, and (7) differences in stage-specific mortality rates are related to bathymetry, temperature and potential predators, notably the abundance of congeners Calanus hyperboreus and C. glacialis, which likely feed on early life stages of C. finmarchicus. Two modeling approaches have previously been used to interpret the abundance and distribution of C. finmarchicus in relation to the North Atlantic habitat. A statistical approach based on ecological niche theory and a dynamical modeling approach, based on knowledge of spatial population dynamics and life history and implemented by recent developments in coupled physical-life cycle modeling. The strengths and weaknesses of each approach are discussed. A synthesis of the two modeling approaches to predict North Atlantic zooplankton species shifts, not only for C. finmarchicus, but also for other major taxa, is advocated. While the computational resource requirements and lack of species-specific life history information for physical-biological modeling hinder full application for many zooplankton taxa, use of the approach, where possible, to understand advective influences will provide insight for interpretation of statistical predictions from species distribution models.",
keywords = "North Atlantic zooplankton, marine research, environmental statistics",
author = "Webjorn Melle and Jeffrey Runge and Erica Head and Stephane Plourde and Claudia Castellani and Priscilla Licandro and James Pierson and Sigrun Jonasdottir and Catherine Johnson and Cecile Broms and Hogni Debes and Tone Falkenhaug and Eilif Gaard and Astthor Gislason and Michael Heath and Barbara Niehoff and Nielsen, {Torkel Gissel} and Pierre Pepin and Steinevik, {Erling Kaare} and Guillern Chust",
note = "NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Progress in Oceanography. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Progress in Oceanography, [129B, (01/12/2014] DOI: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.026",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.026",
language = "English",
volume = "129B",
pages = "244–284",
journal = "Progress in Oceanography",
issn = "0079-6611",

}

Melle, W, Runge, J, Head, E, Plourde, S, Castellani, C, Licandro, P, Pierson, J, Jonasdottir, S, Johnson, C, Broms, C, Debes, H, Falkenhaug, T, Gaard, E, Gislason, A, Heath, M, Niehoff, B, Nielsen, TG, Pepin, P, Steinevik, EK & Chust, G 2014, 'The North Atlantic Ocean as habitat for Calanus finmarchicus: environmental factors and life history traits' Progress in Oceanography, vol. 129B, pp. 244–284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.026

The North Atlantic Ocean as habitat for Calanus finmarchicus : environmental factors and life history traits. / Melle, Webjorn; Runge, Jeffrey; Head, Erica; Plourde, Stephane; Castellani, Claudia; Licandro, Priscilla; Pierson, James; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Johnson, Catherine; Broms, Cecile; Debes, Hogni; Falkenhaug, Tone; Gaard, Eilif; Gislason, Astthor; Heath, Michael; Niehoff, Barbara; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel; Pepin, Pierre; Steinevik, Erling Kaare; Chust, Guillern.

In: Progress in Oceanography, Vol. 129B, 01.12.2014, p. 244–284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The North Atlantic Ocean as habitat for Calanus finmarchicus

T2 - Progress in Oceanography

AU - Melle, Webjorn

AU - Runge, Jeffrey

AU - Head, Erica

AU - Plourde, Stephane

AU - Castellani, Claudia

AU - Licandro, Priscilla

AU - Pierson, James

AU - Jonasdottir, Sigrun

AU - Johnson, Catherine

AU - Broms, Cecile

AU - Debes, Hogni

AU - Falkenhaug, Tone

AU - Gaard, Eilif

AU - Gislason, Astthor

AU - Heath, Michael

AU - Niehoff, Barbara

AU - Nielsen, Torkel Gissel

AU - Pepin, Pierre

AU - Steinevik, Erling Kaare

AU - Chust, Guillern

N1 - NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Progress in Oceanography. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Progress in Oceanography, [129B, (01/12/2014] DOI: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.026

PY - 2014/12/1

Y1 - 2014/12/1

N2 - This paper addresses relationships between the distribution and abundance of zooplankton and its habitat in the northern North Atlantic Ocean. Distributions of ten representative zooplankton taxa, from recent (2000-2009) Continuous Plankton Recorder data, are presented, along with basin-scale patterns of annual sea surface temperature and phytoplankton color. The distribution patterns represent the manifestation of very different physiological, life history and ecological interactions of each taxon with the North Atlantic habitat characteristics. The paper then focuses on a pan-Atlantic compilation of demographic and life history information for the planktonic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus, perhaps one of the most ecologically important and certainly the most studied zooplankton species in the North Atlantic. Abundance, dormancy, egg production and mortality in relation to temperature and phytoplankton biomass, using chlorophyll a as a proxy, are analyzed in the context of understanding factors involved in determining the distribution and abundance of C. finmarchicus across its range. Several themes emerge: (1) transport of C. finmarchicus is from the south to the north in the northeast Atlantic, but from the north to the south in the western North Atlantic, which has implications for understanding population responses to climate forcing on coastal shelves, , (2) recruitment to the youngest copepodite stages occurs during or just after the phytoplankton bloom in the east while it occurs after the bloom in many western sites, (3) while the deep basins in the Labrador Sea and Norwegian Sea are primary sources of C. finmarchicus production, the western North Atlantic marginal seas have an important role in sustaining high C. finmarchicus abundance on the western North Atlantic shelves, (4) differences in mean temperature and chlorophyll concentration between the western and eastern North Atlantic are reflected in regional differences in female body size and egg production responses, (5) differences in functional responses in egg production rate may reflect genetic differences between western and eastern populations, (6) dormancy duration is generally shorter in the deep waters adjacent to the lower latitude western North Atlantic shelves than in the east, and (7) differences in stage-specific mortality rates are related to bathymetry, temperature and potential predators, notably the abundance of congeners Calanus hyperboreus and C. glacialis, which likely feed on early life stages of C. finmarchicus. Two modeling approaches have previously been used to interpret the abundance and distribution of C. finmarchicus in relation to the North Atlantic habitat. A statistical approach based on ecological niche theory and a dynamical modeling approach, based on knowledge of spatial population dynamics and life history and implemented by recent developments in coupled physical-life cycle modeling. The strengths and weaknesses of each approach are discussed. A synthesis of the two modeling approaches to predict North Atlantic zooplankton species shifts, not only for C. finmarchicus, but also for other major taxa, is advocated. While the computational resource requirements and lack of species-specific life history information for physical-biological modeling hinder full application for many zooplankton taxa, use of the approach, where possible, to understand advective influences will provide insight for interpretation of statistical predictions from species distribution models.

AB - This paper addresses relationships between the distribution and abundance of zooplankton and its habitat in the northern North Atlantic Ocean. Distributions of ten representative zooplankton taxa, from recent (2000-2009) Continuous Plankton Recorder data, are presented, along with basin-scale patterns of annual sea surface temperature and phytoplankton color. The distribution patterns represent the manifestation of very different physiological, life history and ecological interactions of each taxon with the North Atlantic habitat characteristics. The paper then focuses on a pan-Atlantic compilation of demographic and life history information for the planktonic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus, perhaps one of the most ecologically important and certainly the most studied zooplankton species in the North Atlantic. Abundance, dormancy, egg production and mortality in relation to temperature and phytoplankton biomass, using chlorophyll a as a proxy, are analyzed in the context of understanding factors involved in determining the distribution and abundance of C. finmarchicus across its range. Several themes emerge: (1) transport of C. finmarchicus is from the south to the north in the northeast Atlantic, but from the north to the south in the western North Atlantic, which has implications for understanding population responses to climate forcing on coastal shelves, , (2) recruitment to the youngest copepodite stages occurs during or just after the phytoplankton bloom in the east while it occurs after the bloom in many western sites, (3) while the deep basins in the Labrador Sea and Norwegian Sea are primary sources of C. finmarchicus production, the western North Atlantic marginal seas have an important role in sustaining high C. finmarchicus abundance on the western North Atlantic shelves, (4) differences in mean temperature and chlorophyll concentration between the western and eastern North Atlantic are reflected in regional differences in female body size and egg production responses, (5) differences in functional responses in egg production rate may reflect genetic differences between western and eastern populations, (6) dormancy duration is generally shorter in the deep waters adjacent to the lower latitude western North Atlantic shelves than in the east, and (7) differences in stage-specific mortality rates are related to bathymetry, temperature and potential predators, notably the abundance of congeners Calanus hyperboreus and C. glacialis, which likely feed on early life stages of C. finmarchicus. Two modeling approaches have previously been used to interpret the abundance and distribution of C. finmarchicus in relation to the North Atlantic habitat. A statistical approach based on ecological niche theory and a dynamical modeling approach, based on knowledge of spatial population dynamics and life history and implemented by recent developments in coupled physical-life cycle modeling. The strengths and weaknesses of each approach are discussed. A synthesis of the two modeling approaches to predict North Atlantic zooplankton species shifts, not only for C. finmarchicus, but also for other major taxa, is advocated. While the computational resource requirements and lack of species-specific life history information for physical-biological modeling hinder full application for many zooplankton taxa, use of the approach, where possible, to understand advective influences will provide insight for interpretation of statistical predictions from species distribution models.

KW - North Atlantic zooplankton

KW - marine research

KW - environmental statistics

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0079661114000743

U2 - 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.026

DO - 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.04.026

M3 - Article

VL - 129B

SP - 244

EP - 284

JO - Progress in Oceanography

JF - Progress in Oceanography

SN - 0079-6611

ER -