The new Northern Ireland Protocol: is Northern Ireland stuck in the middle?

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From the 1st of January 2021, the New Protocol (NP) on Northern Ireland (NI) plays a fundamental role in regulating NI’s trade with the European Union (EU) and Great Britain (GB). The NP aims to prevent a hard border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland and to safeguard the so-called Good Friday Agreement whilst preserving economic stability in both islands as well as the EU single market. However, almost a year after its introduction, the protocol is still the object of debate and political tension between the EU and the UK Government as the implementation of checks on goods such as animal, dairy products and medicines have caused delays in deliveries of essential goods.

In a recent article published in the policy debates section of Regional Studies, we study the impact that the implementation of the NP, in conjunction with Brexit, is expected to have on the economy of NI in the long term. We reflect on the initial claims that the NP could allow NI to enjoy the best of both worlds as it gives the region access to both the EU and the GB markets by taking a closer look at what potential impacts the new trading regulations may have.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherUniversity of Strathclyde
Place of PublicationGlasgow
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2021


  • New Northern Ireland Protocol
  • Brexit
  • economic impact


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