The need for impact evaluation in electricity access research

Patrick Bayer, Ryan Kennedy, Joonseok Yang, Johannes Urpelainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Universal household electrification is a key component of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, but the evidence base for social and economic impacts of electricity access remains unclear. Here we report results from a systematic review of impact evaluations of household electrification based on five key outcome measures. We only find 31 studies that conduct statistical hypothesis tests to assess impacts. Among these, seven draw on a randomized experiment designed for causal inference. The randomized experimental studies generate fewer positive results than observational or quasi-experimental studies, such as correlational, instrumental variable, and difference-in-differences designs. These results call for a reassessment of what we know about the impacts of household electrification. They also call for major investment in impact evaluation of electricity access using randomized controlled trials, with a particular focus on when and how energy access interventions can furnish large benefits to their intended beneficiaries. Large-scale impact evaluations using experimental methods will require close collaboration between policymakers and researchers.
LanguageEnglish
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Nov 2019

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electrification
electricity
Electricity
Statistical tests
experimental study
Sustainable development
social impact
United Nations
economic impact
Economics
sustainable development
Experiments
energy
evaluation
need
household
experiment

Keywords

  • impact evaluation
  • electricity access
  • observational and experimental methods
  • causal inference
  • sustainable development

Cite this

Bayer, P., Kennedy, R., Yang, J., & Urpelainen, J. (Accepted/In press). The need for impact evaluation in electricity access research. Energy Policy.
Bayer, Patrick ; Kennedy, Ryan ; Yang, Joonseok ; Urpelainen, Johannes. / The need for impact evaluation in electricity access research. In: Energy Policy. 2019.
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The need for impact evaluation in electricity access research. / Bayer, Patrick; Kennedy, Ryan; Yang, Joonseok ; Urpelainen, Johannes.

In: Energy Policy, 06.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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