The mechanics of motorised momentum exchange tethers when applied to active debris removal from LEO

Ralph Caldecott, Dayangku N. S. Kamarulzaman, James P. Kirrane, Matthew P. Cartmell, Olga A. Ganilova

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

The concept of momentum exchange when applied to space tethers for propulsion is well established, and a considerable body of literature now exists on the on-orbit modelling, the dynamics, and also the control of a large range of tether system applications. The authors consider here a new application for the Motorised Momentum Exchange Tether by highlighting three key stages of development leading to a conceptualisation that can subsequently be developed into a technology for Active Debris Removal. The paper starts with a study of the on-orbit mechanics of a full sized motorised tether in which it is shown that a laden and therefore highly massasymmetrical tether can still be forced to spin, and certainly to librate, thereby confirming its possible usefulness for active debris removal (ADR). The second part of the paper concentrates on the modelling of the centripetal deployment of a symmetrical MMET in order to get it initialized for debris removal operations, and the third and final part of the paper provides an entry into scale modelling for low cost mission design and testing. It is shown that the motorised momentum exchange tether offers a potential solution to the removal of large pieces of orbital debris, and that dynamic methodologies can be implemented to in order to optimise the emergent design.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences ICNPAA 2014
EditorsSeenith Sivasundaram
Place of PublicationMelville, NY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2014
Event10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences, ICNPAA - Narvik, Norway
Duration: 15 Jul 201418 Jul 2014

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
PublisherAIP
Volume1637

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences, ICNPAA
CountryNorway
CityNarvik
Period15/07/1418/07/14

Fingerprint

Debris
Momentum
Mechanics
Space tethers
Orbits
Tetherlines
Propulsion
Testing
Costs

Keywords

  • orbital dynamics
  • testing procedures
  • momentum exchange
  • motorised momentum exchange tether

Cite this

Caldecott, R., Kamarulzaman, D. N. S., Kirrane, J. P., Cartmell, M. P., & Ganilova, O. A. (2014). The mechanics of motorised momentum exchange tethers when applied to active debris removal from LEO. In S. Sivasundaram (Ed.), 10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences ICNPAA 2014 [150] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1637). Melville, NY. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4904574
Caldecott, Ralph ; Kamarulzaman, Dayangku N. S. ; Kirrane, James P. ; Cartmell, Matthew P. ; Ganilova, Olga A. / The mechanics of motorised momentum exchange tethers when applied to active debris removal from LEO. 10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences ICNPAA 2014. editor / Seenith Sivasundaram. Melville, NY, 2014. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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Caldecott, R, Kamarulzaman, DNS, Kirrane, JP, Cartmell, MP & Ganilova, OA 2014, The mechanics of motorised momentum exchange tethers when applied to active debris removal from LEO. in S Sivasundaram (ed.), 10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences ICNPAA 2014., 150, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1637, Melville, NY, 10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences, ICNPAA, Narvik, Norway, 15/07/14. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4904574

The mechanics of motorised momentum exchange tethers when applied to active debris removal from LEO. / Caldecott, Ralph ; Kamarulzaman, Dayangku N. S.; Kirrane, James P.; Cartmell, Matthew P.; Ganilova, Olga A.

10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences ICNPAA 2014. ed. / Seenith Sivasundaram. Melville, NY, 2014. 150 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1637).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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N2 - The concept of momentum exchange when applied to space tethers for propulsion is well established, and a considerable body of literature now exists on the on-orbit modelling, the dynamics, and also the control of a large range of tether system applications. The authors consider here a new application for the Motorised Momentum Exchange Tether by highlighting three key stages of development leading to a conceptualisation that can subsequently be developed into a technology for Active Debris Removal. The paper starts with a study of the on-orbit mechanics of a full sized motorised tether in which it is shown that a laden and therefore highly massasymmetrical tether can still be forced to spin, and certainly to librate, thereby confirming its possible usefulness for active debris removal (ADR). The second part of the paper concentrates on the modelling of the centripetal deployment of a symmetrical MMET in order to get it initialized for debris removal operations, and the third and final part of the paper provides an entry into scale modelling for low cost mission design and testing. It is shown that the motorised momentum exchange tether offers a potential solution to the removal of large pieces of orbital debris, and that dynamic methodologies can be implemented to in order to optimise the emergent design.

AB - The concept of momentum exchange when applied to space tethers for propulsion is well established, and a considerable body of literature now exists on the on-orbit modelling, the dynamics, and also the control of a large range of tether system applications. The authors consider here a new application for the Motorised Momentum Exchange Tether by highlighting three key stages of development leading to a conceptualisation that can subsequently be developed into a technology for Active Debris Removal. The paper starts with a study of the on-orbit mechanics of a full sized motorised tether in which it is shown that a laden and therefore highly massasymmetrical tether can still be forced to spin, and certainly to librate, thereby confirming its possible usefulness for active debris removal (ADR). The second part of the paper concentrates on the modelling of the centripetal deployment of a symmetrical MMET in order to get it initialized for debris removal operations, and the third and final part of the paper provides an entry into scale modelling for low cost mission design and testing. It is shown that the motorised momentum exchange tether offers a potential solution to the removal of large pieces of orbital debris, and that dynamic methodologies can be implemented to in order to optimise the emergent design.

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KW - testing procedures

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SN - 9780735412767

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - 10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences ICNPAA 2014

A2 - Sivasundaram, Seenith

CY - Melville, NY

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Caldecott R, Kamarulzaman DNS, Kirrane JP, Cartmell MP, Ganilova OA. The mechanics of motorised momentum exchange tethers when applied to active debris removal from LEO. In Sivasundaram S, editor, 10th International Conference on Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Aerospace and Sciences ICNPAA 2014. Melville, NY. 2014. 150. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4904574