The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities transitioning from school to adulthood: a feasibility study

Fiona Mitchell, Gemma Stevens, Andrew Jahoda, Lynsay Matthews, Catherine Hankey, Heather Murray, Craig Melville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: In the general population, the transition from adolescence to adulthood has been identified as a ‘high-risk’ period for weight gain. There has been no research examining health behaviours over this transition in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID).
Methods/design: The feasibility of recruitment, retention and relevant health behaviours were measured in 31 adolescents with mild-moderate ID. Anthropometric, objective physical activity, dietary and self-determination measures were collected over a 12-month transitional period from school to adulthood.
Results: Key results suggest weight and BMI increased significantly from month 6 to month 12 (p=0.044 and p=0.043). Waist circumference increased significantly from baseline to month 12 (p=0.049), and from month 6 to month 12 (p=0.03). Discussion: Recruiting and retaining young adults with ID over a 12 month health behaviour study is feasible. The data indicates the transition from school to adulthood may be the start of a high- risk period for weight gain.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1154-1163
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume31
Issue number6
Early online date28 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Health Behavior
Feasibility Studies
health behavior
Intellectual Disability
adulthood
young adult
Life Style
Young Adult
disability
Weight Gain
school
Personal Autonomy
Waist Circumference
self-determination
adolescence
Exercise
adolescent
Weights and Measures
Research
Population

Keywords

  • intellectual disabilities
  • lifestyle behaviours
  • physical activity
  • diet
  • transition
  • weight gain prevention

Cite this

Mitchell, Fiona ; Stevens, Gemma ; Jahoda, Andrew ; Matthews, Lynsay ; Hankey, Catherine ; Murray, Heather ; Melville, Craig. / The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities transitioning from school to adulthood : a feasibility study. In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 2018 ; Vol. 31, No. 6. pp. 1154-1163.
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The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities transitioning from school to adulthood : a feasibility study. / Mitchell, Fiona; Stevens, Gemma ; Jahoda, Andrew ; Matthews, Lynsay ; Hankey, Catherine; Murray, Heather; Melville, Craig.

In: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, Vol. 31, No. 6, 09.10.2018, p. 1154-1163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hankey, Catherine

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