The legalisation of European Union foreign policy and the use of sanctions

Paul James Cardwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


This article explores the legalisation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the European Union (EU) and its increasing use of sanctions. It argues that the breadth and depth of the numerous sanctions regimes in place shows that EU foreign policy is not merely an aspiration but produces law and legal processes which share similarities with those in the rest of the EU's legal order. Further, the article examines the extent to which non-EU Member States in Europe have aligned themselves with EU sanctions. The argument is made that this is evidence not only of Europeanisation, but also crucially of a legalised foreign policy which has allowed Europe-wide, EU-led foreign policy to emerge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-310
Number of pages24
JournalCambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies
Early online date11 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • common foreign and security policy (CFSP)
  • EU external relations
  • European neighbourhood policy (ENP)
  • European Union
  • restrictive measures
  • sanctions


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