We study small energy solutions within the Landau-de Gennes theory for nematic liquid crystals, subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions. We consider two-dimensional and three-dimensional domains separately. In the two-dimensional case, we establish the equivalence of the Landau-de Gennes and Ginzburg-Landau theory. In the three-dimensional case, we give a new definition of the defect set based on the normalized energy. In the three-dimensional uniaxial case, we demonstrate the equivalence between the defect set and the isotropic set and prove the C1,α-convergence of uniaxial small energy solutions to a limiting harmonic map, away from the defect set, for some 0 < α < 1, in the vanishing core limit. Generalizations for biaxial small energy solutions are also discussed, which include physically relevant estimates for the solution and its scalar order parameters. This work is motivated by the study of defects in liquid crystalline systems and their applications.
|Number of pages||35|
|Journal||Communications in Pure and Applied Analysis|
|Publication status||Published - 31 May 2012|
- Landau-de Gennes theory
- nematic liquid crystals
- Dirichlet boundary conditions
Majumdar, A. (2012). The Landau-de Gennes theory for nematic liquid crystals: uniaxiality versus biaxiality. Communications in Pure and Applied Analysis, 11(3), 1303-1337. https://doi.org/10.3934/cpaa.2012.11.1303