The Kerr effect in aqueous dispersions of anisotropic and electrically charged latex particles

Francesco Mantegazza, Mario Ettore Giardini, Roberto Piazza, Vittorio Degiorgio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Static and dynamic electric birefringence measurements are performed on dispersions of electrically charged fluorinated latex spheres. It is shown that the Kerr constant is made up of three contributions: the first depends on the intrinsic and form anisotropy of the particle; the second arises from the presence of a slowly fluctuating electric dipole which should be originated by the statistics of the surface charge distribution, and the third is connected with the cloud of dissociated counter-ions. This latter contribution shows a non-Lorentzian frequency dispersion, and its amplitude is strongly dependent on the particle concentration and on the ionic strength.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8683-8696
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Kerr effect
  • aqueous dispersions
  • anisotropic
  • electrically charged
  • latex particles

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