The integration of the internet of toys in early childhood education: a platform for multi-layered interactions

Sarika Kewalramani, Ioanna Palaiologou, Lorna Arnott, Maria Dardanou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents findings from an on-going international study of early childhood educators’ and children’s use of new digital technologies, such as the Internet of Toys (IoToys) and the pedagogic interactions which occur when these artefacts are integrated into classrooms. Based on qualitative methodology, data have been collected in four countries: Australia, Norway, Scotland and England. Data collection includes observations of interactions with IoToys (written and video), multimedia messages (digital images, videos), short written reflections and consultations with the children. Findings across all countries show that IoToys offers a platform for interactions to become multidirectional, multidimensional and multimodal. Examining the interactions in the ecology of the playroom, this study calls for pedagogy involving IoToys to provide a platform for children’s rich symbiotic explorations, creativity, collaboration and problem solving.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-213
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Early Childhood Education Research Journal
Issue number2
Early online date3 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2020


  • IoToys
  • internet of toys
  • technology integration
  • early childhood pedagogy
  • multimodal interactions
  • play

Cite this