The influence of fibre length, diameter and concentration on the impact performance of long glass-fibre reinforced polyamide 6,6

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Abstract

Results of an investigation of the mechanical performance of injection moulded long glass-fibre reinforced polyamide 6,6 composites are presented. The glass-fibre content in these composites was varied over the range of 10-50% by weight using fibres with average diameters of 10, 14 and 17 μm. Impact testing was carried out at −40, 23 and 80 °C on dry-as-moulded and boiling water conditioned samples. The results from these long fibre composites are compared with standard extrusion compounded short glass-fibre materials. Data on the influence of fibre diameter, fibre concentration, residual fibre length, hydrothermal conditioning and testing temperature on the composite performance in notched and unnotched pendulum impact tests and multiaxial instrumented impact tests are presented and discussed. All of the above parameters are shown to have significant influence on impact performance. However, the level of these effects is shown to depend on which type of impact test is being considered.
LanguageEnglish
Pages114-124
Number of pages11
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009

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Polyamides
Glass fibers
Fibers
Composite materials
Impact testing
Pendulums
Boiling liquids
Extrusion
fiberglass
nylon 6
Water
Testing
Temperature

Keywords

  • polymers
  • composites
  • glass fibres
  • thermoplastic resin
  • injection moulding
  • polymer matrix composites (PMCs)
  • mechanical properties
  • impact behaviour

Cite this

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title = "The influence of fibre length, diameter and concentration on the impact performance of long glass-fibre reinforced polyamide 6,6",
abstract = "Results of an investigation of the mechanical performance of injection moulded long glass-fibre reinforced polyamide 6,6 composites are presented. The glass-fibre content in these composites was varied over the range of 10-50{\%} by weight using fibres with average diameters of 10, 14 and 17 μm. Impact testing was carried out at −40, 23 and 80 °C on dry-as-moulded and boiling water conditioned samples. The results from these long fibre composites are compared with standard extrusion compounded short glass-fibre materials. Data on the influence of fibre diameter, fibre concentration, residual fibre length, hydrothermal conditioning and testing temperature on the composite performance in notched and unnotched pendulum impact tests and multiaxial instrumented impact tests are presented and discussed. All of the above parameters are shown to have significant influence on impact performance. However, the level of these effects is shown to depend on which type of impact test is being considered.",
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N2 - Results of an investigation of the mechanical performance of injection moulded long glass-fibre reinforced polyamide 6,6 composites are presented. The glass-fibre content in these composites was varied over the range of 10-50% by weight using fibres with average diameters of 10, 14 and 17 μm. Impact testing was carried out at −40, 23 and 80 °C on dry-as-moulded and boiling water conditioned samples. The results from these long fibre composites are compared with standard extrusion compounded short glass-fibre materials. Data on the influence of fibre diameter, fibre concentration, residual fibre length, hydrothermal conditioning and testing temperature on the composite performance in notched and unnotched pendulum impact tests and multiaxial instrumented impact tests are presented and discussed. All of the above parameters are shown to have significant influence on impact performance. However, the level of these effects is shown to depend on which type of impact test is being considered.

AB - Results of an investigation of the mechanical performance of injection moulded long glass-fibre reinforced polyamide 6,6 composites are presented. The glass-fibre content in these composites was varied over the range of 10-50% by weight using fibres with average diameters of 10, 14 and 17 μm. Impact testing was carried out at −40, 23 and 80 °C on dry-as-moulded and boiling water conditioned samples. The results from these long fibre composites are compared with standard extrusion compounded short glass-fibre materials. Data on the influence of fibre diameter, fibre concentration, residual fibre length, hydrothermal conditioning and testing temperature on the composite performance in notched and unnotched pendulum impact tests and multiaxial instrumented impact tests are presented and discussed. All of the above parameters are shown to have significant influence on impact performance. However, the level of these effects is shown to depend on which type of impact test is being considered.

KW - polymers

KW - composites

KW - glass fibres

KW - thermoplastic resin

KW - injection moulding

KW - polymer matrix composites (PMCs)

KW - mechanical properties

KW - impact behaviour

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