The influence of fibre cross section shape and fibre surface roughness on composite micromechanics

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Many of the carbon and natural fibres used in composite reinforcement have a non-circular cross section. Recently non-circular, or flat, cross section glass fibre products have become commercially available. This paper explores the potential effects that such non-circular fibre cross section shapes may have on the micromechanics of stress transfer at the composite fibre–matrix interface and the resulting changes in composite strength performance. Analytical modelling is used to show how the critical fibre length in composites with non-circular fibres is always less when compared to circular fibres with an equal cross-sectional area. This can result in significant changes to the strength performance of discontinuous fibre reinforced composites. Additionally, it is shown that the surface roughness found on natural and carbon fibres, many of which are also non-circular in cross section, can decrease the critical fibre length still further. These effects have important con-sequences for the use of single fibre micromechanical tests used for the characterisation of interfacial strength.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-368
Number of pages16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2023


  • glass fibre
  • carbon fibre
  • natural fibre
  • polypropylene
  • interfacial strength
  • micromechanical analysis
  • injection molding
  • analytical model


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