The influence of 1D, meso- and crystal structures on charge transport and recombination in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

Pablo Docampo, Aruna Ivaturi, Robert Gunning, Sandra Diefenbach, James Kirkpatrick, Claudia M. Palumbiny, Varun Sivaram, Hugh Geaney, Lukas Schmidt-Mende, Mark E. Welland, Henry J. Snaith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


We have prepared single crystalline SnO2 and ZnO nanowires and polycrystalline TiO2 nanotubes (1D networks) as well as nanoparticle-based films (3D networks) from the same materials to be used as photoanodes for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells. In general, superior photovoltaic performance can be achieved from devices based on 3-dimensional networks, mostly due to their higher short circuit currents. To further characterize the fabricated devices, the electronic properties of the different networks were measured via the transient photocurrent and photovoltage decay techniques. Nanowire-based devices exhibit extremely high, light independent electron transport rates while recombination dynamics remain unchanged. This indicates, contrary to expectations, a decoupling of transport and recombination dynamics. For typical nanoparticle-based photoanodes, the devices are usually considered electron-limited due to the poor electron transport through nanocrystalline titania networks. In the case of the nanowire-based devices, the system becomes limited by the organic hole transporter used. In the case of polycrystalline TiO2 nanotube-based devices, we observe lower transport rates and higher recombination dynamics than their nanoparticle-based counterparts, suggesting that in order to improve the electron transport properties of solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells, single crystalline structures should be used. These findings should aid future design of photoanodes based on nanowires or porous semiconductors with extended crystallinity to be used in dye-sensitized solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12088-12095
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry. A
Issue number39
Early online date14 Apr 2013
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2013


Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of 1D, meso- and crystal structures on charge transport and recombination in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this