The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cardiovascular disease prevention and management: a population-scale analysis of trends in medication data

CVD-COVID-UK Consortium, Caroline E Dale, Rohan Takhar, Ray Carragher, Michail Katsoulis, Fatemeh Torabi, Stephen Duffield, Seamus Kent, Tanja Mueller, Amanj Kurdi, Stuart McTaggart, Hoda Abbasizanjani, Sam Hollings, Andrew Scourfield, Ronan Lyons, Rowena Griffiths, Jane Lyons, Gareth Davies, Dan Harris, Alex HandyMehrdad Alizadeh Mizani, Chris Tomlinson, Johan H Thygesen, Mark Ashworth, Spiros Denaxas, Amitava Banerjee, Jonathan Sterne, Paul Brown, Ian Bullard, Rouven Priedon, Mamas A Mamas, Ann Slee, Paula Lorgelly, Munir Pirmohamed , Kamlesh Khunti, Andrew Morris, Cathie Sudlow, Ashley Akbari, Marion Bennie, Naveed A. Sattar, Reecha Sofat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

How the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected prevention and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not fully understood. In this study, we used medication data as a proxy for CVD management using routinely collected, de-identified, individual-level data comprising 1.32 billion records of community-dispensed CVD medications from England, Scotland and Wales between April 2018 and July 2021. Here we describe monthly counts of prevalent and incident medications dispensed, as well as percentage changes compared to the previous year, for several CVD-related indications, focusing on hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes. We observed a decline in the dispensing of antihypertensive medications between March 2020 and July 2021, with 491,306 fewer individuals initiating treatment than expected. This decline was predicted to result in 13,662 additional CVD events, including 2,281 cases of myocardial infarction and 3,474 cases of stroke, should individuals remain untreated over their lifecourse. Incident use of lipid-lowering medications decreased by 16,744 patients per month during the first half of 2021 as compared to 2019. By contrast, incident use of medications to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, other than insulin, increased by approximately 623 patients per month for the same time period. In light of these results, methods to identify and treat individuals who have missed treatment for CVD risk factors and remain undiagnosed are urgently required to avoid large numbers of excess future CVD events, an indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219–225
Number of pages24
JournalNature Medicine
Volume29
Issue number1
Early online date19 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Covid-19
  • cardiovascular disease
  • disease prevention and management

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