The formation of ordered clusters in Ti-7Al and Ti-6Al-4V

A. Radecka, P.A.J. Bagot, T.L. Martin, J. Coakley, V.A. Vorontsov, M.P. Moody, H. Ishii, D. Rugg, D. Dye

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Ti-Al alloys can suffer from a chemical decomposition on ageing around 500°C or on air cooling. At long ageing times this results in the formation of α2 (Ti3Al) precipitates. At reduced times or elevated temperatures, diffuse electron or neutron diffraction peaks can be observed, which has been termed 'short range ordering' (SRO). Here, we present correlative transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atom probe tomography (APT) results showing that the reaction proceeds through the formation of ordered Al-rich precipitate clusters. Notably, Al-Al clustering could be observed well before the appearance of distinct precipitates in the TEM. In addition, the V-containing α phase of Ti-6Al-4V formed ordered clusters much faster than in binary Ti-7Al. This implies that the ternary addition of β stabilisers exacerbates the problem of α2 precipitate formation in commercial dual phase titanium alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Early online date18 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2016


  • atom probe tomography (APT)
  • ordering
  • titanium alloys
  • transmission electron microscopy (TEM)


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