The evolution of manufacturing SPECIES

James Scott Baldwin, Christen Rose-Anderssen, Keith Ridgway, Fabian Boettinger, Marcus Michen, Kwabena Agyapong-Kodua, Ivan Brencsics, Istvan Nemeth, Roland Krain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
12 Downloads (Pure)


This research aims to develop hierarchical and cladistic classifications of manufacturing system evolution, incorporating evolving and interacting product, process and production system features. The objectives then are to systematically organise manufacturing systems and their characteristics in classifications Forty-six candidate species of manufacturing systems have been identified and organised in a 4th generation hierarchical classification with 14 'genera', 6 'families' 3 'orders' and 1 'class' of discrete manufacturing. The accompanying cladistic classification hypothesises the evolutionary history of manufacturing, using 'descriptors' drawn from a library of 12 characters and 66 states. These are consistent and synthesise many of the established typologies in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia CIRP
Early online date24 Jun 2013
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Jun 2013


  • cladistics
  • classifications
  • evolution
  • manufacturing

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