The EU and environmental multilateralism: the case of access and benefit-sharing and the need for a good-faith test

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This chapter discusses the need for a good-faith test for assessing the legitimacy of ongoing and future EU initiatives aimed at contributing to the development and implementation of international environmental law. A test that is based on the international legal principle of good faith may serve to better understand when the EU is effectively supporting environmental multilateralism to the benefit of the international community, rather than seeking to unduly influence it purely for its own advantage. The test is developed mostly on the basis of EU efforts of contributing to climate change multilateralism, and is applied to a much less studied case: the adoption and implementation of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-142
Number of pages34
JournalCambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2014


  • good faith test
  • multilateralism
  • EU

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