Cold-formed steel sections are often used as wall studs or floor joists; such sections often include web holes for ease of installation of the services. Web crippling at points of concentrated, or localised, load or reaction in thin-walled beams is well known to be a significant problem, particularly in the case of beams with slender webs, and is of high importance in the field of cold-formed steel members, as such members are generally not stiffened against this type of loading. In this paper, a combination of experimental tests and non-linear elasto-plastic finite element analyses are used to investigate the effect of such holes on web crippling under end-two-flange (ETF) loading condition. In the case of the tests with web openings, the web holes located at the mid-depth of the webs. A non-linear elasto-plastic finite element model is developed in this study, and the results compared against the laboratory test results; a good agreement was obtained in terms of both strength and failure modes.
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Oct 2012|
|Event||21st International Specialty Conference on Cold Formed Steel Structures - St Louis, United States|
Duration: 24 Oct 2012 → 25 Mar 2013
|Conference||21st International Specialty Conference on Cold Formed Steel Structures|
|Period||24/10/12 → 25/03/13|
- cold-formed steel
- web crippling
- finite element analysis
- web openings
- channel section
Uzzaman, A., Lim, J., Nash, D., Rhodes, J., & Young, B. (2012). The effects of web opening on web crippling strength of cold-formed steel channels under interior-two-flange loading condition. Paper presented at 21st International Specialty Conference on Cold Formed Steel Structures, St Louis, United States.