The effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on the performance of badminton skills in children

R.P. Mooney, N. Mutrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examines the effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on performance in a sports setting for children while attempting to control for the effects of social comparison. Participants (N = 46) were matched on their baseline performance on two badminton tasks (underhand serve and drop shot) and then randomly assigned to one of three goal setting conditions: (a) easy goals, (b) difficult goals, and (c) do-your-best goals. Results suggest that the easy and difficult groups showed a significant improvement in performance for both experimental tasks, whereas the do-your-best group did not display any improvement. However, no significant differences were found between easy goals and difficult goals. Further analyses reveal that age effects were not significant. Manipulation checks indicate that all children accepted their assigned goals and intended to try extremely hard to reach them. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of Locke's (18) goal setting theory as well as previous research in physical activity settings. Future directions for research are suggested.
LanguageEnglish
Pages270-283
Number of pages13
JournalPediatric Exercise Science
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000

Fingerprint

Racquet Sports
Research
Exercise

Keywords

  • goal specificity
  • goal difficulty
  • badminton
  • children
  • sports science

Cite this

@article{637b7ae6729e4147aa8bf4c18ff944d9,
title = "The effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on the performance of badminton skills in children",
abstract = "The present study examines the effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on performance in a sports setting for children while attempting to control for the effects of social comparison. Participants (N = 46) were matched on their baseline performance on two badminton tasks (underhand serve and drop shot) and then randomly assigned to one of three goal setting conditions: (a) easy goals, (b) difficult goals, and (c) do-your-best goals. Results suggest that the easy and difficult groups showed a significant improvement in performance for both experimental tasks, whereas the do-your-best group did not display any improvement. However, no significant differences were found between easy goals and difficult goals. Further analyses reveal that age effects were not significant. Manipulation checks indicate that all children accepted their assigned goals and intended to try extremely hard to reach them. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of Locke's (18) goal setting theory as well as previous research in physical activity settings. Future directions for research are suggested.",
keywords = "goal specificity, goal difficulty, badminton, children, sports science",
author = "R.P. Mooney and N. Mutrie",
year = "2000",
month = "8",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "270--283",
journal = "Pediatric Exercise Science",
issn = "0899-8493",
number = "3",

}

The effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on the performance of badminton skills in children. / Mooney, R.P.; Mutrie, N.

In: Pediatric Exercise Science, Vol. 12, No. 3, 08.2000, p. 270-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on the performance of badminton skills in children

AU - Mooney, R.P.

AU - Mutrie, N.

PY - 2000/8

Y1 - 2000/8

N2 - The present study examines the effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on performance in a sports setting for children while attempting to control for the effects of social comparison. Participants (N = 46) were matched on their baseline performance on two badminton tasks (underhand serve and drop shot) and then randomly assigned to one of three goal setting conditions: (a) easy goals, (b) difficult goals, and (c) do-your-best goals. Results suggest that the easy and difficult groups showed a significant improvement in performance for both experimental tasks, whereas the do-your-best group did not display any improvement. However, no significant differences were found between easy goals and difficult goals. Further analyses reveal that age effects were not significant. Manipulation checks indicate that all children accepted their assigned goals and intended to try extremely hard to reach them. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of Locke's (18) goal setting theory as well as previous research in physical activity settings. Future directions for research are suggested.

AB - The present study examines the effects of goal specificity and goal difficulty on performance in a sports setting for children while attempting to control for the effects of social comparison. Participants (N = 46) were matched on their baseline performance on two badminton tasks (underhand serve and drop shot) and then randomly assigned to one of three goal setting conditions: (a) easy goals, (b) difficult goals, and (c) do-your-best goals. Results suggest that the easy and difficult groups showed a significant improvement in performance for both experimental tasks, whereas the do-your-best group did not display any improvement. However, no significant differences were found between easy goals and difficult goals. Further analyses reveal that age effects were not significant. Manipulation checks indicate that all children accepted their assigned goals and intended to try extremely hard to reach them. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of Locke's (18) goal setting theory as well as previous research in physical activity settings. Future directions for research are suggested.

KW - goal specificity

KW - goal difficulty

KW - badminton

KW - children

KW - sports science

UR - http://www.humankinetics.com/pes/viewarticle.cfm?aid=12540

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 270

EP - 283

JO - Pediatric Exercise Science

T2 - Pediatric Exercise Science

JF - Pediatric Exercise Science

SN - 0899-8493

IS - 3

ER -