The effects of animacy in the choice of referring expression

Kumiko Fukumura, Roger van Gompel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Theories of reference assume that the referent's salience in the discourse context affects the choice between pronouns and definite noun phrases or names. We examined whether and how the referent's inherent properties affect the choice of expressions by investigating animacy. Experiment 1 showed that pronouns were more frequent for animates than inanimates after discourse factors were controlled, and Experiments 2 and 3 showed that the referent's animacy affected pronoun use when the competitor's animacy was counterbalanced, suggesting that the referent's inherent salience has an effect. Furthermore, when the referent was animate, pronouns were less frequent when the competitor was also animate than when it was inanimate, whereas no effect of animacy congruence was found with inanimate referents, suggesting that when the competitor was salient and similar in meaning to the referent, it made the referent's representation less accessible.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1472-1504
Number of pages33
JournalLanguage and Cognitive Processes
Volume26
Issue number10
Early online date24 May 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Names
discourse
experiment
Referring Expressions
Animacy
Referent
Pronoun

Keywords

  • discourse
  • animacy
  • reference
  • pronoun

Cite this

Fukumura, Kumiko ; van Gompel, Roger. / The effects of animacy in the choice of referring expression. In: Language and Cognitive Processes. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 10. pp. 1472-1504.
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The effects of animacy in the choice of referring expression. / Fukumura, Kumiko; van Gompel, Roger.

In: Language and Cognitive Processes, Vol. 26, No. 10, 2011, p. 1472-1504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - van Gompel, Roger

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