The effective role of AVR and PSS in power systems: frequency response analysis

G. Dudgeon, W.E. Leithead, J. O'Reilly, J.R. McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


Two tradeoffs in the effectiveness of automatic voltage regulators (AVRs) and power system stabilizers (PSSs) are investigated together for the first time. The first is the effect of a high-gain fast response AVR on decreasing power system oscillation stability as well as increasing transient stability, and vice versa. The second is that a PSS can reduce transient stability by overriding the voltage signal to the exciter as well as increasing oscillation stability, and vice versa. In essence, the actions of the AVR and PSS devices are dynamically interlinked. A novel Bode frequency response framework for dynamic analysis of AVR and PSS performance and tradeoffs is presented. Bode frequency response also assists with the determination of suitable generator locations for PSSs and the assessment of robustness under changing power system operating conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1986-1994
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2007


  • frequency response
  • power system
  • dynamic stability
  • power system management
  • transient stability
  • voltage regulators


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