The effect of switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times on a synchronous boost rectifier for low power electromagnetic energy Harvesters

P. P. Proynov, G. D. Szarka, B. H. Stark, N. McNeill

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electromagnetic vibrational energy harvesters require rectification and boosting of their ac output voltage. This paper presents a single-stage, full-wave, synchronous boost rectifier circuit in an H-bridge configuration, and explores the dependence of both conversion efficiency and harvester utilisation on the precise switching patterns of the two `active diodes' and two `switching devices'. Switching instants are controlled via the following parameters: switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times. Experimental results are presented that quantify the dependence of the output power and converter efficiency on these control parameters. Conversion efficiency up to 92% is achieved at 700 μW levels with externally powered gate drive circuit. The full-wave boost rectifier is capable of extracting up to 95% of the maximum available power from the harvester, when the switching parameters are set to provide optimised resistive apparent input impedance.

Conference

Conference2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC)
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL.
Period1/02/1229/02/12

Fingerprint

Harvesters
Switching frequency
Electromagnetic waves
Conversion efficiency
Networks (circuits)
Diodes
Electric potential

Keywords

  • switching frequency
  • electromagnetic energy harvesters
  • AC output voltage boosting

Cite this

Proynov, P. P., Szarka, G. D., Stark, B. H., & McNeill, N. (2012). The effect of switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times on a synchronous boost rectifier for low power electromagnetic energy Harvesters. 667-674. Paper presented at 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Orlando, FL., United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2012.6165890
Proynov, P. P. ; Szarka, G. D. ; Stark, B. H. ; McNeill, N. / The effect of switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times on a synchronous boost rectifier for low power electromagnetic energy Harvesters. Paper presented at 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Orlando, FL., United States.4 p.
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abstract = "Electromagnetic vibrational energy harvesters require rectification and boosting of their ac output voltage. This paper presents a single-stage, full-wave, synchronous boost rectifier circuit in an H-bridge configuration, and explores the dependence of both conversion efficiency and harvester utilisation on the precise switching patterns of the two `active diodes' and two `switching devices'. Switching instants are controlled via the following parameters: switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times. Experimental results are presented that quantify the dependence of the output power and converter efficiency on these control parameters. Conversion efficiency up to 92{\%} is achieved at 700 μW levels with externally powered gate drive circuit. The full-wave boost rectifier is capable of extracting up to 95{\%} of the maximum available power from the harvester, when the switching parameters are set to provide optimised resistive apparent input impedance.",
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author = "Proynov, {P. P.} and Szarka, {G. D.} and Stark, {B. H.} and N. McNeill",
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Proynov, PP, Szarka, GD, Stark, BH & McNeill, N 2012, 'The effect of switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times on a synchronous boost rectifier for low power electromagnetic energy Harvesters' Paper presented at 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Orlando, FL., United States, 1/02/12 - 29/02/12, pp. 667-674. https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2012.6165890

The effect of switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times on a synchronous boost rectifier for low power electromagnetic energy Harvesters. / Proynov, P. P.; Szarka, G. D.; Stark, B. H.; McNeill, N.

2012. 667-674 Paper presented at 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Orlando, FL., United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - The effect of switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times on a synchronous boost rectifier for low power electromagnetic energy Harvesters

AU - Proynov, P. P.

AU - Szarka, G. D.

AU - Stark, B. H.

AU - McNeill, N.

PY - 2012/3/9

Y1 - 2012/3/9

N2 - Electromagnetic vibrational energy harvesters require rectification and boosting of their ac output voltage. This paper presents a single-stage, full-wave, synchronous boost rectifier circuit in an H-bridge configuration, and explores the dependence of both conversion efficiency and harvester utilisation on the precise switching patterns of the two `active diodes' and two `switching devices'. Switching instants are controlled via the following parameters: switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times. Experimental results are presented that quantify the dependence of the output power and converter efficiency on these control parameters. Conversion efficiency up to 92% is achieved at 700 μW levels with externally powered gate drive circuit. The full-wave boost rectifier is capable of extracting up to 95% of the maximum available power from the harvester, when the switching parameters are set to provide optimised resistive apparent input impedance.

AB - Electromagnetic vibrational energy harvesters require rectification and boosting of their ac output voltage. This paper presents a single-stage, full-wave, synchronous boost rectifier circuit in an H-bridge configuration, and explores the dependence of both conversion efficiency and harvester utilisation on the precise switching patterns of the two `active diodes' and two `switching devices'. Switching instants are controlled via the following parameters: switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times. Experimental results are presented that quantify the dependence of the output power and converter efficiency on these control parameters. Conversion efficiency up to 92% is achieved at 700 μW levels with externally powered gate drive circuit. The full-wave boost rectifier is capable of extracting up to 95% of the maximum available power from the harvester, when the switching parameters are set to provide optimised resistive apparent input impedance.

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KW - electromagnetic energy harvesters

KW - AC output voltage boosting

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DO - 10.1109/APEC.2012.6165890

M3 - Paper

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Proynov PP, Szarka GD, Stark BH, McNeill N. The effect of switching frequency, duty ratio, and dead times on a synchronous boost rectifier for low power electromagnetic energy Harvesters. 2012. Paper presented at 2012 Twenty-Seventh Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Orlando, FL., United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2012.6165890