The effect of low emission zones on air pollution and infant health

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of low emission zones on air quality and birth outcomes in Germany. The staggered introduction of the policy measure creates a credible natural experiment and a natural control group for births and air pollution measurements in cities that enact low emission zones. I show that the introduction of the most restrictive type of low emission zone decreases average levels of fine particulate matter by about 4 percent and by up to 8 percent at a city's highest-polluting monitor. Low emission zones also reduce the number of days per year on which legal pollution limits are exceeded by three. However, these reductions are too small to translate into substantial improvements in infant health. My results are not driven by changes in maternal or city specific characteristics, and are robust to variations in specification and to the choice of control group.
LanguageEnglish
Pages121-144
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Environmental Economics and Management
Volume83
Early online date9 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2017

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Air Pollution
Air pollution
atmospheric pollution
Health
Air quality
Parturition
Control Groups
Pollution
Particulate Matter
Specifications
Germany
Air
Mothers
particulate matter
air quality
Experiments
pollution
Infant Health
effect
health

Keywords

  • air pollution
  • particulate matter
  • birth weight
  • infant health
  • policy evaluation

Cite this

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The effect of low emission zones on air pollution and infant health. / Gehrsitz, Markus.

In: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 83, 31.05.2017, p. 121-144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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