The effect of initial grain size on formability of AZ31B magnesium alloy during I-ECAP

Michal Zbigniew Gzyl, Andrzej Rosochowski, Lech Olejnik, Aleksey Reshetov

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The goal of this work was to investigate formability of AZ31B magnesium alloy during incremental equal channel angular pressing (I-ECAP). Square billets were processed using different routes of I-ECAP at temperatures varying from 125 °C to 250 °C. The billets were obtained from commercially available coarse-grained, hot-extruded rod and fine-grained, hot-rolled plate. A strong influence of the initial microstructure on processing temperature was reported. Fine-grained samples were successfully processed at 200 °C, while coarse-grained ones must have been heated up to 250 °C to avoid fracture. A gradual temperature decrease with subsequent passes allowed successful pressing at 150 °C. Processing using various routes of I-ECAP showed that a billet rotation before the last pass had strong influence on mechanical properties. The results of experiments were plotted on the diagram of allowable processing temperature for AZ31B. It was found that the relation between the minimum temperature in I-ECAP and the initial grain size could be described by a logarithmic equation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-580
Number of pages8
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Early online date23 May 2014
Publication statusPublished - May 2014
Event17th Esaform Conference - Espoo, Finland
Duration: 7 May 20149 May 2014


  • magnesium alloys
  • equal channel angular pressing
  • ultrafine grained metals


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