The effect of active warm-up on surface emg power spectrum and muscle performance in healthy humans

D. Stewart, A. Macaluso, G. De Vito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The effect of an active warm-up on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), maximal instantaneous power output and surface EMG (sEMG) parameters was studied. Eight volunteers [mean (SD) 22 (4) years] completed two trials on the same day, one control (CO), and the other preceded by an active cycling warm-up (WU) at 70% ventilatory threshold determined by the ventilatory equivalent method. Quadriceps muscle temperature, measured from vastus lateralis with a flexible thermistor, was 33.8 (0.4)°C in CO compared to 36.8 (0.5)°C in WU (P<0.05). Aural temperature, measured by an infrared tympanic thermistor, was not different between conditions. Experimental trials consisted of three knee-extension maximum voluntary contractions at a 90° angle with simultaneous recording of sEMG from the vastus lateralis, followed by three squat jumps performed on a force platform. SEMGs were analysed in the frequency domain as median frequency (MDF) and in the time domain as root mean square (RMS). MDF was 59.2 (14.1) Hz in CO compared to 67.2 (11.8) Hz in WU (P<0.05), while RMS was higher in CO compared to WU [0.65 (0.28) mV vs. 0.56 (0.19) mV; P<0.05]. MVC was not different [465.7 (107.6) N vs. 490.1 (117.2) N], whilst instantaneous power output during the squat jump was significantly higher in the WU trial [3324 (866) W vs. 3569 (919) W; P<0.05]. These data show MDF to be altered with an active warm-up, which would relate to a greater conduction velocity. This may translate into faster activation of the muscle fibres, thus partly explaining the increase in power output.
LanguageEnglish
Pages509-513
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2003

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Quadriceps Muscle
Muscles
Temperature
Ear
Volunteers
Knee

Keywords

  • EMG power spectrum
  • maximal instantaneous power - temperature
  • warm-up

Cite this

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title = "The effect of active warm-up on surface emg power spectrum and muscle performance in healthy humans",
abstract = "The effect of an active warm-up on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), maximal instantaneous power output and surface EMG (sEMG) parameters was studied. Eight volunteers [mean (SD) 22 (4) years] completed two trials on the same day, one control (CO), and the other preceded by an active cycling warm-up (WU) at 70{\%} ventilatory threshold determined by the ventilatory equivalent method. Quadriceps muscle temperature, measured from vastus lateralis with a flexible thermistor, was 33.8 (0.4)°C in CO compared to 36.8 (0.5)°C in WU (P<0.05). Aural temperature, measured by an infrared tympanic thermistor, was not different between conditions. Experimental trials consisted of three knee-extension maximum voluntary contractions at a 90° angle with simultaneous recording of sEMG from the vastus lateralis, followed by three squat jumps performed on a force platform. SEMGs were analysed in the frequency domain as median frequency (MDF) and in the time domain as root mean square (RMS). MDF was 59.2 (14.1) Hz in CO compared to 67.2 (11.8) Hz in WU (P<0.05), while RMS was higher in CO compared to WU [0.65 (0.28) mV vs. 0.56 (0.19) mV; P<0.05]. MVC was not different [465.7 (107.6) N vs. 490.1 (117.2) N], whilst instantaneous power output during the squat jump was significantly higher in the WU trial [3324 (866) W vs. 3569 (919) W; P<0.05]. These data show MDF to be altered with an active warm-up, which would relate to a greater conduction velocity. This may translate into faster activation of the muscle fibres, thus partly explaining the increase in power output.",
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The effect of active warm-up on surface emg power spectrum and muscle performance in healthy humans. / Stewart, D.; Macaluso, A.; De Vito, G.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, Vol. 89, No. 6, 08.2003, p. 509-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Stewart, D.

AU - Macaluso, A.

AU - De Vito, G.

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N2 - The effect of an active warm-up on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), maximal instantaneous power output and surface EMG (sEMG) parameters was studied. Eight volunteers [mean (SD) 22 (4) years] completed two trials on the same day, one control (CO), and the other preceded by an active cycling warm-up (WU) at 70% ventilatory threshold determined by the ventilatory equivalent method. Quadriceps muscle temperature, measured from vastus lateralis with a flexible thermistor, was 33.8 (0.4)°C in CO compared to 36.8 (0.5)°C in WU (P<0.05). Aural temperature, measured by an infrared tympanic thermistor, was not different between conditions. Experimental trials consisted of three knee-extension maximum voluntary contractions at a 90° angle with simultaneous recording of sEMG from the vastus lateralis, followed by three squat jumps performed on a force platform. SEMGs were analysed in the frequency domain as median frequency (MDF) and in the time domain as root mean square (RMS). MDF was 59.2 (14.1) Hz in CO compared to 67.2 (11.8) Hz in WU (P<0.05), while RMS was higher in CO compared to WU [0.65 (0.28) mV vs. 0.56 (0.19) mV; P<0.05]. MVC was not different [465.7 (107.6) N vs. 490.1 (117.2) N], whilst instantaneous power output during the squat jump was significantly higher in the WU trial [3324 (866) W vs. 3569 (919) W; P<0.05]. These data show MDF to be altered with an active warm-up, which would relate to a greater conduction velocity. This may translate into faster activation of the muscle fibres, thus partly explaining the increase in power output.

AB - The effect of an active warm-up on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC), maximal instantaneous power output and surface EMG (sEMG) parameters was studied. Eight volunteers [mean (SD) 22 (4) years] completed two trials on the same day, one control (CO), and the other preceded by an active cycling warm-up (WU) at 70% ventilatory threshold determined by the ventilatory equivalent method. Quadriceps muscle temperature, measured from vastus lateralis with a flexible thermistor, was 33.8 (0.4)°C in CO compared to 36.8 (0.5)°C in WU (P<0.05). Aural temperature, measured by an infrared tympanic thermistor, was not different between conditions. Experimental trials consisted of three knee-extension maximum voluntary contractions at a 90° angle with simultaneous recording of sEMG from the vastus lateralis, followed by three squat jumps performed on a force platform. SEMGs were analysed in the frequency domain as median frequency (MDF) and in the time domain as root mean square (RMS). MDF was 59.2 (14.1) Hz in CO compared to 67.2 (11.8) Hz in WU (P<0.05), while RMS was higher in CO compared to WU [0.65 (0.28) mV vs. 0.56 (0.19) mV; P<0.05]. MVC was not different [465.7 (107.6) N vs. 490.1 (117.2) N], whilst instantaneous power output during the squat jump was significantly higher in the WU trial [3324 (866) W vs. 3569 (919) W; P<0.05]. These data show MDF to be altered with an active warm-up, which would relate to a greater conduction velocity. This may translate into faster activation of the muscle fibres, thus partly explaining the increase in power output.

KW - EMG power spectrum

KW - maximal instantaneous power - temperature

KW - warm-up

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DO - 10.1007/s00421-003-0798-2

M3 - Article

VL - 89

SP - 509

EP - 513

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

T2 - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

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ER -