The effect of a home-based strength training program on type 2 diabetes risk in obese Latino boys

Louise A. Kelly, Armando Loza, Xaio Lin, E. Todd Schroeder, Adrienne Hughes, Alison Kirk, Ann-Marie Knowles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper is designed to determine the effects of a home-based strength training (HBST) intervention on insulin sensitivity (SI), compensatory acute insulin response and β-cell function, body composition measures, and maximum strength in obese Latino boys. A total of 26 obese Latino males aged between 14 and 18 years were randomized to either a twice-weekly (n=15) or a control group (C; n=15) for 16 weeks. HBST for 16 weeks, composed of two 1-h sessions per week. Outcome measures were assessed pre-and post-intervention/control condition and included SI, acute insulin response to glucose (AIR) and disposition index (DI), fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, body composition using waist-hip circumferences, body mass index (BMI), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan, blood pressure, and strength by 1-repetition maximum. A repeated measures GLM was used to assess differences in changes in outcome measures, between the C and the HBST groups. There were no significant overall intervention effects on any of the outcome variables (p<0.05). These results suggest that an HBST does not improve SI, maximal strength or decrease adiposity in obese Latino boys.
LanguageEnglish
Pages315–322
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume28
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2015

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Resistance Training
Hispanic Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Education
Body Composition
Glucose
Insulin Resistance
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Body Weights and Measures
Photon Absorptiometry
Adiposity
Waist Circumference
Hip
Fasting
Body Mass Index
Insulin
Blood Pressure
Control Groups

Keywords

  • training system
  • type 2 diabetes
  • Latino boys
  • obesity
  • strength training
  • insulin resistance

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper is designed to determine the effects of a home-based strength training (HBST) intervention on insulin sensitivity (SI), compensatory acute insulin response and β-cell function, body composition measures, and maximum strength in obese Latino boys. A total of 26 obese Latino males aged between 14 and 18 years were randomized to either a twice-weekly (n=15) or a control group (C; n=15) for 16 weeks. HBST for 16 weeks, composed of two 1-h sessions per week. Outcome measures were assessed pre-and post-intervention/control condition and included SI, acute insulin response to glucose (AIR) and disposition index (DI), fasting glucose, 2-h glucose, body composition using waist-hip circumferences, body mass index (BMI), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan, blood pressure, and strength by 1-repetition maximum. A repeated measures GLM was used to assess differences in changes in outcome measures, between the C and the HBST groups. There were no significant overall intervention effects on any of the outcome variables (p<0.05). These results suggest that an HBST does not improve SI, maximal strength or decrease adiposity in obese Latino boys.",
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The effect of a home-based strength training program on type 2 diabetes risk in obese Latino boys. / Kelly, Louise A.; Loza, Armando; Lin, Xaio; Schroeder, E. Todd; Hughes, Adrienne; Kirk, Alison; Knowles, Ann-Marie.

In: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 28, No. 3-4, 07.03.2015, p. 315–322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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